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Wearable systems that monitor muscle activity, store data and deliver feedback therapy are the next frontier in personalized medicine and healthcare. However, technical challenges, such as the fabrication of high-performance, energy-efficient sensors and memory modules that are in intimate mechanical contact with soft tissues, in conjunction with controlled(More)
Sensory receptors in human skin transmit a wealth of tactile and thermal signals from external environments to the brain. Despite advances in our understanding of mechano- and thermosensation, replication of these unique sensory characteristics in artificial skin and prosthetics remains challenging. Recent efforts to develop smart prosthetics, which exploit(More)
We developed a nanoneedle transistor-based sensor (NTS) for the selective detection of calcium ions inside a living cell. In this work, a single-walled carbon nanotube-based field effect transistor (swCNT-FET) was first fabricated at the end of a glass nanopipette and functionalized with Fluo-4-AM probe dye. The selective binding of calcium ions onto the(More)
Electronics for wearable applications require soft, flexible, and stretchable materials and designs to overcome the mechanical mismatch between the human body and devices. A key requirement for such wearable electronics is reliable operation with high performance and robustness during various deformations induced by motions. Here, we present materials and(More)
Implantable endovascular devices such as bare metal, drug eluting, and bioresorbable stents have transformed interventional care by providing continuous structural and mechanical support to many peripheral, neural, and coronary arteries affected by blockage. Although effective in achieving immediate restoration of blood flow, the long-term(More)
Oxide nanomembrane hybrids with enhanced mechano- and thermo-sensitivity for semitransparent epidermal electronics are developed. The use of nanomaterials (single wall nanotubes and silver nanoparticles) embedded in the oxide nanomembranes significantly enhances mechanical and thermal sensitivities. These mechanical and thermal sensors are utilized in(More)
Strategies for efficient charge confinement in nanocrystal floating gates to realize high-performance memory devices have been investigated intensively. However, few studies have reported nanoscale experimental validations of charge confinement in closely packed uniform nanocrystals and related device performance characterization. Furthermore, the(More)
Multi-dye-sensitized upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs), which harvest photons of wide wavelength range (450-975 nm) are designed and synthesized. The UCNPs embedded in a photo-acid generating layer are integrated on destructible nonvolatile resistive memory device. Upon illumination of light, the system permanently erases stored data, achieving enhanced(More)
Large-scale colloidal synthesis and integration of uniform-sized molybdenum disulfide (MoS2 ) nanosheets for a flexible resistive random access memory (RRAM) array are presented. RRAM using MoS2 nanosheets shows a ≈10 000 times higher on/off ratio than that based on exfoliated MoS2 . The good uniformity of the MoS2 nanosheets allows wafer-scale system(More)
Article history: Received 11 September 2015 Received in revised form 16 December 2015 Accepted 10 January 2016 Available online xxxx This paper proposes amethodwhich can separate the parasitic effect from the drain current Id vs. gate voltage Vg curves of MOSFETs, then uses this method to analyze degradation of experimental pMOSFETs due to(More)