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In order to understand the behavior of nonylphenol (NP) in Han River, water, suspended particle and sediment samples were analyzed during summer, autumn and winter. Concentrations of nonylphenol in water ranged from 23.2 to 187.6 ng/l, in suspended particle from 6.8 to 190.8 ng/l and in sediment from 25.4 to 932.0 ng/gdrywt. An increasing trend in the(More)
Alkylphenols (APs) have been known as endocrine disruptors and consequently received much environmental concern. This study focused on seasonal variation and spatial distribution of nonylphenol (NP) in various matrixes including dissolved water, particulates, surface sediment, sediment trap and sediment core taken from Shihwa Lake and its adjacent areas. A(More)
Nonylphenols were determined from the water, suspended particle, and sediment samples taken from the Lake Shihwa in Korea and its surrounding creeks flowing through municipal and industrial areas, and into the lake. The nonylphenols were detected at the concentration ranges of 0.0-41.3 microg/l, 0.0-116.6 and 0.3-31.7 mg/kg in water, suspended particle and(More)
In order to investigate spatial and temporal distribution of organic pollutants in the Saemangeum Bay, organophosphorus pesticides (10), alkylphenols (8), chlorophenols (2), bisphenol A were analyzed from the surface seawater taken in 2002-2003. Most of the analytes were not detected in all stations except nonylphenol and S-benzyl-O,O-di-isopropyl(More)
To understand the distribution characteristics of nonylphenolics and sterols, samples such as in creek water, sea surface water, waste water treatment plant (WWTP) effluent water, sediment and mussel were collected and analyzed. The principal analytes are nonylphenol (NP), nonylphenol monoethoxylate (NP1EO), nonylphenol diethoxylate (NP2EO), coprostanol(More)
To assess the levels of organochlorine compounds (OCs) in the Chinese coastal environment, monitoring study using bivalves was conducted in 2005. A total of 21 bivalve samples covering the northeastern coast of China were collected and analyzed. Organochlorine compounds were widely distributed in the Chinese coastal environment, with(More)
A high-efficiency high step-up current-fed multiresonant converter (CFMRC) is proposed for interfacing the sustainable power sources, such as PV panels and fuel cells, which are characterized by low-voltage high-current output and have strict current ripple requirement. The proposed converter has the features of low input current ripple, low circulating(More)
A high step-up current fed multi-resonant converter (CFMRC) has been proposed recently for renewable energy harvesting where the sustainable power sources such as PV panels and fuel cells are characterized by low-voltage, high-current output. An output voltage doubler is applied to the previously proposed CFMRC for the purpose of reducing the turns-ratio of(More)
A high efficiency high step-up dc-dc converter is proposed for renewable energy harvesting where the sustainable power sources such as PV panels and fuel cells are characterized by low-voltage, high-current output. The proposed converter employs the current fed half-bridge structure to generate a square wave current source. Then, a multi-resonant tank is(More)
There is a trend towards the use of enrichment techniques such as microextraction in the analysis of trace chemicals. Based on the theory of ideal gases, theory of gas chromatography and the original headspace liquid phase microextraction (HS-LPME) technique, a simple gas flow headspace liquid phase microextraction (GF-HS-LPME) technique has been developed,(More)