Dongguang Wei

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The gastrointestinal tract of mammals is inhabited by hundreds of distinct species of commensal microorganisms that exist in a mutualistic relationship with the host. How commensal microbiota influence the host immune system is poorly understood. We show here that colonization of the small intestine of mice with a single commensal microbe, segmented(More)
The cochlear sensory epithelium and spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) in the adult mammalian inner ear do not regenerate following severe injury. To replace the degenerated SGNs, neural stem cell (NSC) is an attractive alternative for substitution cell therapy. In this study, adult mouse NSCs were transplanted into normal and deafened inner ears of guinea(More)
Mechanisms that guide directional migration of neuroblasts from the subventricular zone (SVZ) are not well understood. We report here that endogenous electric currents serve as a guidance cue for neuroblast migration. We identify the existence of naturally occurring electric currents (1.5±0.6 μA/cm(2), average field strength of ∼3 mV/mm) along the rostral(More)
Although drug-induced and age-related hearing losses are frequent otologic problems affecting millions of people, their underlying mechanisms remain uncertain. The inner ear is exclusively endowed with a positive endocochlear potential (EP) that serves as the main driving force for the generation of receptor potential in hair cells to confer hearing.(More)
Three different donor tissues were tested for their capacity to survive, integrate and differentiate in the adult inner ear. Surviving embryonic dorsal root ganglion cells were found within the spiral ganglion neuron region and along the auditory nerve fibers. In the presence of exogenous nerve growth factor (NGF), the dorsal root ganglion cells formed(More)
The social soil bacterium, Myxococcus xanthus, displays a variety of complex and highly coordinated behaviours, including social motility, predatory rippling and fruiting body formation. Here we show that M. xanthus cells produce a network of outer membrane extensions in the form of outer membrane vesicle chains and membrane tubes that interconnect cells.(More)
The inner ear spiral ganglion is populated by bipolar neurons connecting the peripheral sensory receptors, the hair cells, with central neurons in auditory brain stem nuclei. Hearing impairment is often a consequence of hair cell death, e.g., from acoustic trauma. When deprived of their peripheral targets, the spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) progressively(More)
The function of the KCNQ4 channel in the auditory setting is crucial to hearing, underpinned by the finding that mutations of the channel result in an autosomal dominant form of nonsyndromic progressive high frequency hearing loss. The precise function of KCNQ4 in the inner ear has not been established. However, recently we demonstrated that there is(More)
Directed migration of corneal epithelial cells (CECs) is critical for maintenance of corneal homeostasis as well as wound healing. Soluble cytoactive factors and the intrinsic chemical attributes of the underlying extracellular matrix (ECM) participate in stimulating and directing migration. The central importance of the intrinsic biophysical attributes of(More)
Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is a common complication following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) that typically manifests as injury to the skin, gastrointestinal mucosa, and liver. In some cases, hepatic GVHD may be histologically indistinguishable from other disorders such as infection and drug-induced liver injury (DILI).(More)