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Most neurons of the mammalian central nervous system (CNS) lose the ability to regenerate severed axons in vivo after a certain point in development. At least part of this loss in regenerative potential is intrinsic to neurons. Although embryonic retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) can grow axons into tectum of any age, most RGCs from older animals fail to extend(More)
Recently we described a full-length cDNA for the human nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. Here, we report the chromosomal localization and partial map of the human gene for this enzyme as well as the complete coding sequence for this protein. The nucleotide sequence reveals a single 3042-base open reading frame encoding a protein with a predicted(More)
We investigated the potential association of 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of nucleotide excision repair (NER) genes with risk of laryngeal cancer. A ratio of 1:1 matched case–control study was conducted. Conditional regression analysis indicated that subjects with ERCC1 rs11615 CC and C allele had an increased risk of laryngeal cancer compared(More)
Bioactivity-directed fractionation of an ethanolic extract of the stems of Kadsura interior led to the isolation and identification of 12 known lignans (1-12). Seven of these compounds (1, 6, 8-12) were active as anti-HIV agents. Gomisin-G (11) exhibited the most potent anti-HIV activity with EC50 and therapeutic index (TI) values of 0.006 microgram/mL and(More)
The human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I chain-related gene A (MICA) is located 46 kb upstream of HLA-B and encodes a stress-inducible protein which displays a restricted pattern of tissue expression. MICA molecules interact with NKG2D, augmenting the activation of natural killer cells, CD8+ αβ T cells, and γδ T cells. MICA allelic variation(More)
Polysaccharide (DOPA) from the stem of D. officinale, as well as two fractions (DOPA-1 and DOPA-2) of it, were isolated and purified by DEAE cellulose-52 and Sephacryl S-300 chromatography, and their structural characteristics and bioactivities were investigated. The average molecular weights of DOPA-1 and DOPA-2 were 394 kDa and 362 kDa, respectively. They(More)
Two new lignans, interiotherins A (1) and B (2), along with two known lignans, angeloylgomisin R (3) and schisantherin D (4), were isolated from Kadsura interior. Their structures and stereochemistries were determined from spectral data. Compounds 1 and 4 inhibit HIV replication with EC50 values of 3.1 and 0.5 micrograms/mL, respectively.
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to identify active components of PT involved in promoting proliferation of MSCs and to investigate its mechanism. PT was extracted with petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, ethanol and water respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS Evidence provided by MTT, HE stain, BrdUrd, PCNA immunoreactivity and cell cycle indicated that(More)
Infusing natural killer (NK) cells following transplantation may allow less infections and relapse with little risk of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). We delivered 51 total NK cell-enriched donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) to 30 patients following a 3-6/6 HLA matched T cell-depleted nonmyeloablative allogeneic transplant. The primary endpoint of(More)
The actin-binding LIM domain protein (abLIM) is the mammalian homologue of UNC-115, a protein mediating axon guidance in C. elegans. AbLIM is widely expressed with three isoforms differing from one another by the length of their amino termini. Experiments utilizing dominant-negative mutants in the chick retina suggested a role for abLIM in axon path finding(More)