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OBJECTIVE Inconsistent findings have reported the association between self-reported habitual snoring and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate whether self-reported habitual snoring was an independent predictor for CVD and all-cause mortality using prospective observational studies. (More)
We study the Poisson-Nernst-Planck (PNP) system with an arbitrary number of ion species with arbitrary valences in the absence of fixed charges. Assuming point charges and that the Debye length is small relative to the domain size, we derive an asymptotic formula for the steady-state solution by matching outer and boundary layer solutions. The case of two(More)
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is a slow-moving ionic and metabolic disturbance that propagates in cortical brain tissue. In addition to massive cellular depolarizations, CSD also involves significant changes in perfusion and metabolism-aspects of CSD that had not been modeled and are important to traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage,(More)
AIM This study was to investigate the effect of serum from rats treated orally with GUD on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferation in vitro. METHODS Cell proliferation was measured by Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and proto-oncogene c-myc were measured by immunochemical(More)
PURPOSE To determine the importance of synovial fluid (SF) or subchondral bone marrow (BM) as nutrition sources in cartilage degeneration. METHODS Ninety-five-month-old male rabbits were randomly divided into 5 groups according to sources of nutrition: SFBM-both; BM-only; SF-only; None-SFBM; and Free plug (unrestricted). Nutrition to 4-mm-diameter(More)
Electrowetting has been proposed as a technique for manipulating droplets surrounded by air or oil. In this paper, we discuss the modeling and simulation of the droplet fission process between two parallel plates inside an electrowetting on dielectric (EWOD) device. Since the gap between the plates is small, we use the two-phase Hele-Shaw flow as a model.(More)
The telegraph equation is one of the important models in many physics and engineering. In this work, we discuss the high-order compact finite difference method for solving the two-dimensional second-order linear hyperbolic equation. By using a combined compact finite difference method for the spatial discretization, a high-order alternating direction(More)
The terrestrialization success of aquatic organisms requires physiological adaptations, of which water loss restraint, respiratory, and osmoregulatory systems are notably critical. Isopods of the genus Ligia (Oniscidea) have a particular significance for understanding the evolutionary transition of crustaceans from marine to terrestrial/freshwater(More)