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The mechanisms that regulate mammalian organ size are poorly understood. It is unclear whether the pathways that control organ size also impinge on stem/progenitor cells. A highly expressed gene in stem cells is YAP1, the ortholog of Drosophila Yorkie, a downstream component of the Hippo pathway. Mutations in components of this pathway produce tissue(More)
In this paper, a novel statistical model based on Benford’s law for the probability distributions of the first digits of the block-DCT and quantized JPEG coefficients is presented. A parametric logarithmic law, i.e., the generalized Benford’s law, is formulated. Furthermore, some potential applications of this model in image forensics are discussed in this(More)
The long-term goal of nuclear transfer or alternative reprogramming approaches is to create patient-specific donor cells for transplantation therapy, avoiding immunorejection, a major complication in current transplantation medicine. It was recently shown that the four transcription factors Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc induce pluripotency in mouse(More)
This paper presents a novel steganalysis scheme to effectively attack the JPEG steganographic schemes. The proposed method exploits the correlations between block-DCT coefficients in both intra-block and inter-block sense. We use Markov empirical transition matrices to capture these dependencies. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed scheme(More)
Mir-290 through mir-295 (mir-290-295) is a mammalian-specific microRNA (miRNA) cluster that, in mice, is expressed specifically in early embryos and embryonic germ cells. Here, we show that mir-290-295 plays important roles in embryonic development as indicated by the partially penetrant lethality of mutant embryos. In addition, we show that in surviving(More)
DNA methylation is an epigenetic mechanism involved in gene regulation and implicated in the functioning of the nervous system. The de novo DNA methyltransferase Dnmt3a is expressed in neurons, but its specific role has not been clarified. Dnmt3a is activated around embryonic day 10.5 in mouse neuronal precursor cells and remains active in postmitotic(More)
Image splicing is a commonly used technique in image tampering. This paper presents a novel approach to passive detection of image splicing. In the proposed scheme, the image splicing detection problem is tackled as a twoclass classification problem under the pattern recognition framework. Considering the high non-linearity and non-stationarity nature of(More)
This paper presents a novel steganalysis scheme with highdimensional feature vectors derived from co-occurrence matrix in either spatial domain or JPEG coefficient domain, which is sensitive to data embedding process. The class-wise non-principal components analysis (CNPCA) is proposed to solve the problem of the classification in the high-dimensional(More)
Alterations in DNA methylation have been associated with genome-wide hypomethylation and regional de novo methylation in numerous cancers. De novo methylation is mediated by the de novo methyltransferases Dnmt3a and 3b, but only Dnmt3b has been implicated in promoting cancer by silencing of tumor-suppressor genes. In this study, we have analyzed the role of(More)
Pluripotent cells can be derived from different types of somatic cells by nuclear reprogramming through the ectopic expression of four transcription factors, Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc. However, it is unclear whether postmitotic neurons are susceptible to direct reprogramming. Here, we show that postnatal cortical neurons, the vast majority of which are(More)