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BACKGROUND Antimalarial drug resistance is a primary public health problem. Haplotypes of pfcrt and pfmdr1 gene have been implicated to be molecular markers of chloroquine (CQ) resistance. This study aims to explore mutation distribution of Pfcrt and Pfmdr1 in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea (EG). METHODS Blood samples were collected from different(More)
OBJECTIVE Drug resistance against Plasmodium falciparum has been recognized as the crucial obstacle to curbing mortality and morbidity from malaria. To investigate the distribution and pattern of multidrug resistance 1 (pfmdr1) gene polymorphisms in P. falciparum, isolates collected from the malaria high-endemic Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE With emergence and geographically expanding of antimalarial resistance worldwide, molecular markers are essential tool for surveillance of resistant Plasmodium parasites. Recently, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the PF3D7_1343700 kelch propeller (K13-propeller) domain are shown to be associated with artemisinin (ART) resistance in vivo(More)
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