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These experiments were performed to study the effect of oxytocin (OT) and it's specific receptor on gallbladder motility in rabbits. The fasted New Zealand white rabbits (2.0-2.5 kg) were anaesthetized by urethane (1 g/kg). The gallbladder pressure was recorded continuously to monitor the gallbladder motility. Systemic OT (0.01, 0.02, 0.04 mg/kg, iv) did(More)
Patients with type 1 diabetes are at a risk of hypertension. However, the mechanisms behind the findings are not completely known. The aim of the present study was to investigate involvement of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on the contraction of abdominal aorta in rats with type 1 diabetes. IL-6 levels in the plasma of rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes(More)
AIM To investigate the effects of oxytocin (OT) on isolated rabbit proximal colon and its mechanism. METHODS Both longitudinal muscle (LM) and circular muscle (CM) were suspended in a tissue chamber containing 5 mL Krebs solution (37 degrees ), bubbled continuously with 950 mL x L(-1) O(2) and 50 mL x L(-1) CO(2). Isometric spontaneous contractile(More)
AIM To study the dose-dependent of progesterone (P) effect and the interaction between the oxytocin (OT) and P on gastrointestinal motility. METHODS In order to monitor the gastric emptying and intestinal transit, the SD male rats were intubated via a catheter with normal saline (3 ml/kg) containing Na(2)(51)CrO(4) (0.5 microCi/ml) and 10% charcoal. OT(More)
Introduction Amlodipine is a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker (CCB) that inhibits calcium infl ux into cardiac, vascular smooth muscle cells, and pancreatic beta cells, leading to dilation of arteries and arterioles and reduction in insulin secretion. Oral administration of amlodipine is absorbed slowly but almost completely, with a high oral(More)
AIMS To study the effects of oxytocin on isolated rabbit distal colon and the regulation of ovarian steroids by its action. METHODS Muscle strips parallel to either the circular or the longitudinal fibres were excised and suspended in tissue chambers containing 5 mL Krebs solution (37 degrees C) and bubbled continuously with 95% O(2) and 5% CO(2). The(More)
We have reported that both glutamate and nitric oxide (NO) participated in the regulation of gallbladder motility in dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV). The aim of this study is to investigate the type of receptor in DMV that mediates the excitatory effect of glutamate on gallbladder motility and the correlation between the glutamate and NO. A frog(More)
AIM To investigate the effects of areca on the contractile activity of isolated colonic muscle strips in rats and mechanism involved. METHODS Each strip (LMPC, longitudinal muscle of proximal colon; CMPC, circular muscle of proximal colon; LMDC, longitudinal muscle of distal colon; CMDC, circular muscle of distal colon.) was suspended in a tissue chamber(More)
Oxytocin (OT) has been reported to have a potential protective effect on stress-induced functional gastrointestinal disorders. This study determined whether colonic contraction in adults was affected by antenatal maternal hypoxia, and whether OT is involved in antenatal maternal hypoxia induced colonic contraction disorder. Isometric spontaneous(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of ethanol on colon motility in rats and to test the possibility that nitric oxide (NO) mediates this effect. Proximal colon longitudinal muscle strips (LM) (8 x 3 mm) cut parallel to the longitudinal muscle fibres of the colon were isolated and mounted in an organ bath. Ethanol (0.57, 0.87 and 1.30(More)