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BACKGROUND Ascorbic acid (AsA) is a unique antioxidant as well as an enzyme cofactor. Although it has multiple roles in plants, it is unclear how its accumulation is controlled at the expression level, especially in sink tissues. Kiwifruit (Actinidia) is well-known for its high ascorbate content. Our objective was to determine whether AsA accumulates in the(More)
The central nervous system has the capacity to activate profound neuroprotection following sub-lethal stress in a process termed preconditioning. To gain insight into this potent survival response we developed a functional cloning strategy that identified 31 putative neuroprotective genes of which 28 were confirmed to provide protection against(More)
The dehydration responsive element binding (DREB) transcription factor family is one of the most promising regulons for genetic engineering of plant responses to abiotic stresses. However, knowledge about apple DREB genes is limited. In the present study, we found, for the first time, 68 MdDREB genes that could be further classified into six subgroups(More)
The family of dehydrin genes has important roles in protecting higher plants against abiotic stress, such as drought, salinity and cold. However, knowledge about apple dehydrin gene family is limited. In the present study, we used a bioinformatics approach to identify members of that family in apple (Malus domestica). A total of 12 apple dehydrin genes(More)
In the mammalian brain, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is anchored in cell membranes by a transmembrane protein PRiMA (proline-rich membrane anchor). We present evidence that at least part of the PRiMA-linked AChE is integrated in membrane microdomains called rafts. A significant proportion of PRiMA-linked AChE tetramers from rat brain was recovered in raft(More)
Plant growth, biomass allocation, carbon isotope composition (δ13C), and water use efficiency (WUE) of 31 cultivars of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) grown under two water regimes were measured. Drought-stressed plants showed significant declines in tree height, trunk diameter, biomass production, and total leaf area, the extent to which depended upon(More)
Compressed sensing (CS) has produced promising results on dynamic cardiac MR imaging by exploiting the sparsity in image series. In this paper, we propose a new method to improve the CS reconstruction for dynamic cardiac MRI based on the theory of structured sparse representation. The proposed method user the PCA subdictionaries for adaptive sparse(More)
Retinoic acid (RA) plays crucial roles in vertebrate embryogenesis. Four retinal dehydrogenases (Raldhs) that are responsible for RA synthesis have been characterized in mammals. However, only Raldh2 ortholog is identified in zebrafish. Here, we report the identification of raldh3 and raldh4 genes in zebrafish. The predicted proteins encoded by zebrafish(More)
BACKGROUND Cell cycle G2 arrest induced by HIV-1 Vpr is thought to benefit viral proliferation by providing an optimized cellular environment for viral replication and by skipping host immune responses. Even though Vpr-induced G2 arrest has been studied extensively, how Vpr triggers G2 arrest remains elusive. RESULTS To examine this initiation event, we(More)
Compressed sensing (CS) has been used in dynamic cardiac MRI to reduce the data acquisition time. The sparseness of the dynamic image series in the spatial- and temporal-frequency (x-f) domain has been exploited in existing works. In this article, we propose a new k-t iterative support detection (k-t ISD) method to improve the CS reconstruction for dynamic(More)