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In searching for cellular targets of the HTLV-I oncoprotein Tax, we identified TXBP181, which we characterized as the human homolog of yeast mitotic checkpoint MAD1 protein. Evidence supporting TXBP181 as HsMAD1 includes sequence conservation with yeast MAD1, hyperphosphorylation during S/G2/M phases and upon treatment of cells with nocodazole, and binding(More)
NF-kappaB represents a family of eukaryotic transcription factors participating in the regulation of various cellular genes involved in the immediate early processes of immune, acute-phase, and inflammatory responses. Cellular localization and consequently the transcriptional activity of NF-kappaB is tightly regulated by its partner IkappaBalpha. Here, we(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major malignancy in many parts of the world, especially in Asia and Africa. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on the long arm of chromosome 13 has been reported in HCC. In search of tumor suppressor genes in this region, here we have identified DLC2 (for deleted in liver cancer 2) at 13q12.3 encoding a novel Rho family(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a herpesvirus associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), gastric carcinoma (GC), and other malignancies. EBV is the first human virus found to express microRNAs (miRNAs), the functions of which remain largely unknown. We report on the regulation of a cellular protein named p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) by an(More)
Mechanisms by which the human T-cell leukemia virus type I Tax oncoprotein activates NF-kappaB remain incompletely understood. Although others have described an interaction between Tax and a holo-IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex, the exact details of protein-protein contact are not fully defined. Here we show that Tax binds to neither IKK-alpha nor IKK-beta but(More)
A20 is a Cys2/Cys2 zinc finger protein which is induced by a variety of inflammatory stimuli and which has been characterized as an inhibitor of cell death by a yet unknown mechanism. In order to clarify its molecular mechanism of action, we used the yeast two-hybrid system to screen for proteins that interact with A20. A cDNA fragment was isolated which(More)
Deleted in liver cancer 1 (DLC1) is a recently identified tumor suppressor gene frequently underexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). DLC1 encodes a Rho GTPase-activating protein domain that exhibits growth-suppressive activity in HCC cell lines. Our recent finding has revealed that inhibition of Rho-mediated actin stress fiber formation by DLC1 is(More)
Reduction-oxidation (redox) plays a critical role in NF-kappaB activation. Diverse stimuli appear to utilize reactive oxygen species (e.g. hydrogen peroxide) as common effectors for activating NF-kappaB. Antioxidants govern intracellular redox status, and many such molecules can reduce H2O2. However, functionally, it does appear that different antioxidants(More)
Human chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) functions as a co-receptor for Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection. CCR5 is a seven-transmembrane cell surface receptor. Recently, a naturally occurring mutation of CCR5, ccr5Delta32, has been described. A small number of Caucasians are homozygously ccr5Delta32/ccr5Delta32, while a larger number of individuals(More)
Peroxiredoxins are a family of abundant peroxidases found in all organisms. Although these antioxidant enzymes are thought to be critically involved in cellular defense and redox signaling, their exact physiological roles are largely unknown. In this study, we took a genetic approach to address the functions of peroxiredoxins in budding yeast. We generated(More)