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The hyperexcitability and ectopic spontaneous discharge (ESD) of primary sensory neurons may be important for the generation or maintenance of neuropathic pain. To investigate the relationship between the electrical abnormalities of injured neurons and voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channel gene expression, the expression of the Kv channel alpha genes in the(More)
Injury to peripheral nerves causes a neuropathic pain which is difficult to relieve, but the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. In previous studies we reported that voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channel alpha genes are downregulated in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) following chronic constriction of the sciatic nerve [Kim et al. (2002)], suggesting(More)
Obesity is known to be strongly associated with cardiovascular disease and cancer, the leading causes of mortality worldwide, and develops owing to interactions between genes and the environment. DNA methylation can act as a downstream effector of environmental signals, and analysis of this process therefore holds substantial promise for identifying(More)
Ordered differential display PCR was used to identify differentially expressed genes in rat dorsal root ganglia at 7 days following chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve. Fourteen differentially displayed cDNA bands were isolated, cloned and verified by RT-PCR. The four mRNAs were increased, which included mRNAs encoding heat shock protein(More)
BACKGROUND More than 85% of Rett syndrome (RTT) patients have heterozygous mutations in the X-linked MECP2 gene which encodes methyl-CpG-binding protein 2, a transcriptional repressor that binds methylated CpG sites. Because MECP2 is subject to X chromosome inactivation (XCI), girls with RTT express either the wild type or mutant MECP2 in each of their(More)
Widespread brain-derived neurotrophic factor messenger RNA expression has been detected in the region of catecholamine groups of the rat lower brainstem, while few brain-derived neurotrophic factor-immunoreactive cells were found in this area. In the present study, a double-color immunofluorescence technique for brain-derived neurotrophic factor and(More)
It is well known that the nerve growth factor (NGF) may serve as a link between inflammation and hyperalgesia. Recent experiments showed that systemic injection of NGF dramatically stimulated the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG). In the present study, we evaluated the change of BDNF mRNA in the(More)
Although an increase in the excitability and ectopic spontaneous discharge (ESD) of primary sensory neurons can lead to abnormal burst activity, which is associated with neuropathic pain, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. To investigate the relationship between these electrical abnormalities in injured neurons and voltage-gated(More)
We describe the electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays fabricated on doped semiconductor substrates. The hybrid metal-semiconductor forms a Schot-tky diode structure, where the active depletion region modifies the substrate conductivity in real-time by applying an external voltage bias. This(More)
Peripheral inflammation induces an increased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) synthesis in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and an elevated anterograde transport of BDNF to axon terminals in the spinal dorsal horn. To characterize whether expression of trkB is modulated in response to BDNF elevation in these areas, we evaluated changes in expression(More)