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BACKGROUND The incidence of testicular carcinoma in the United States has increased significantly over the last two decades. Germ cell tumors form the majority of malignant testicular tumors. With advances in diagnosis and therapeutic approaches, germ cell tumors are now highly sensitive to treatment, providing long-term survival. It has been speculated(More)
Ureteroscopic lithotripsy using Swiss Lithoclast was performed in 411 cases from January 1996 to September 2007 in a single hospital. Medical records of 341 cases, in which Swiss Lithoclast was successfully applied, were available for this retrospective study. We used 9.5Fr and 10Fr Storz rigid ureteroscopes. A success was defined as being free of(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect and investigate the putative mechanism of botulinum toxin type A (BTA) applied to the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). A total of 52 patients with symptomatic BPH were evaluated. Transperineal intraprostatic injection under transrectal ultrasonography was carried out. BTA dissolved in 4 to(More)
We wanted to present the results of our experience with bilateral testis tumor and to suggest the effects of chemotherapy in suppressing the development of second primary testicular tumors. Between 1978 and 1997, 2,345 patients were treated for testicular tumor at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. Of these, 2,107 had germ cell cancers.(More)
PURPOSE We measured kidney volume using software and investigated the relationship between kidney volume and renal function. MATERIALS AND METHODS Age, gender, height, body weight, body mass index, body surface area and serum creatinine were recorded for 539 normal individuals. A tissue segmentation tool program was used to measure kidney volume from(More)
UNLABELLED Study Type - Prognosis (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? At present, many studies have been executed to identify predictors for chronic kidney disease or renal insufficiency after radical nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy. We examined whether preoperative kidney volume is a predictor for(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate stone diameter and ureteral dilation using computerized tomography as a predictor of ureteral stone expulsion after medical expulsive therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the records of 328 patients with symptomatic ureteral stones <10 mm on axial computerized tomography images, who were treated with alpha(More)
BACKGROUND To describe a preparatory protocol for prostate biopsy consisting of prophylaxis based on a third-generation cephalosporin and suppository-type povidone-iodine. METHODS From January 2004 to May 2012 we reviewed infective complications in 1,684 patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. All of the patients(More)
To determine an optimal invasive intervention for renal colic patients during pregnancy after conservative treatments have been found to be unhelpful. Among the available invasive interventions, we investigated the reliability of a ureteral stent insertion, which is considered the least invasive intervention during pregnancy. Between June 2006 and February(More)
The ubiquitin-26S proteasome system is important in the quality control of intracellular proteins. The ubiquitin-26S proteasome system includes the E1 (ubiquitin activating), E2 (ubiquitin conjugating), and E3 (ubiquitin ligase) enzymes. U-box proteins are a derived version of RING-finger domains, which have E3 enzyme activity. Here, we present the(More)