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Ureteroscopic lithotripsy using Swiss Lithoclast was performed in 411 cases from January 1996 to September 2007 in a single hospital. Medical records of 341 cases, in which Swiss Lithoclast was successfully applied, were available for this retrospective study. We used 9.5Fr and 10Fr Storz rigid ureteroscopes. A success was defined as being free of(More)
Purpose. To determine the effect of simple use of suppository povidone-iodine on infectious complications after transrectal ultrasonography-guided biopsy of the prostate. Methods. All 481 patients are included and received antibiotic prophylaxis. Among them, 360 patients received povidone-iodine suppository (Gynobetadine; 200 mg) immediately prior to biopsy(More)
The ubiquitin-26S proteasome system is important in the quality control of intracellular proteins. The ubiquitin-26S proteasome system includes the E1 (ubiquitin activating), E2 (ubiquitin conjugating), and E3 (ubiquitin ligase) enzymes. U-box proteins are a derived version of RING-finger domains, which have E3 enzyme activity. Here, we present the(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect and investigate the putative mechanism of botulinum toxin type A (BTA) applied to the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). A total of 52 patients with symptomatic BPH were evaluated. Transperineal intraprostatic injection under transrectal ultrasonography was carried out. BTA dissolved in 4 to(More)
PURPOSE Androgen replacement therapy has been shown to be safe and effective for most patients with testosterone deficiency. Male partners of infertile couples often report significantly poorer sexual activity and complain androgen deficiency symptoms. We report herein an adverse effect on fertility caused by misusage of androgen replacement therapy in(More)
A 23-year-old man had a history of intermittent episodes of urinary tract infection with associated low abdominal pain for 15 years. Persistent bacteriuria even with prolonged antibiotics was the reason why he was referred to our hospital. Laboratory tests were normal except pyuria and growth of Escherichia coli in the urinary samples. Cystoscopy revealed a(More)
Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a glycoprotein with the enzymatic activity of serine protease, the gene which is encoded in the human glandular kallikrein gene locus. Catalytically active PSA released into serum may be inactivated by a complex formation with alpha 1ACT (ACT) and alpha 2MG (MG), two major protease inhibitors. The serum complex-to-total(More)
To identify the clinicopathological events including nm23 expression that underlies progression in renal cell carcinoma, a retrospective analysis of patients with renal cell carcinoma was performed. Ninety-eight cases of radical nephrectomies with extensive regional or para-aortic lymph node dissection were assessed for clinicopathological variables, and(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the renal function outcomes and contralateral kidney volume change measured by using a 3-dimensional reconstructive method after open partial nephrectomy (PN) or open radical nephrectomy (RN) according to the endophytic degree of tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS We included 214 PN and 220 RN patients. According to the endophytic(More)