Learn More
Higher order actin filament structures are necessary for cytoplasmic streaming, organelle movement, and other physiological processes. However, the mechanism by which the higher order cytoskeleton is formed in plants remains unknown. In this study, we identified a novel actin-cross-linking protein family (named CROLIN) that is well conserved only in the(More)
During early pregnancy, an environment of relative low oxygen tension is essential for normal embryonic and placental vasculature. In low-oxygen conditions, the hypoxic-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), composed of alpha and beta subunits, controls the expression of a number of genes such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a key angiogenic factor. The(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway plays an important role in embryo implantation. Low molecular mass polypeptide (LMP) 2 and LMP7 are the two subunits of 20S proteasome, which are critical for proteasome activity. To further elucidate the roles of LMP2 and LMP7 in embryo implantation during early pregnancy, we cloned(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) plays a pivotal role in the angiogenesis during the development of placenta, but the intracellular signaling mechanism by which TGF-beta1 stimulates this process remains poorly understood. In this article, we demonstrated that exposure of normal human cytotrophoblast cells to TGF-beta1 stimulated the secretion of(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is fundamental for development and maintenance of endometrial and placental vascular function during pregnancy. While there are a number of studies on VEGF in the human placenta, they are mostly restricted to late pregnancy. To further understand the role of VEGF in mediating angiogenesis during human early(More)
Previous studies have documented that ubiquitin-related proteins are present in human, baboon, rhesus monkey, cow, sheep, and mouse pregnant uteri, indicating that the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway (UPP) may be involved in the extensive uterine remodeling during mammalian early pregnancy, but there is still no direct evidence. A mouse intrauterine injection(More)
As a heterodimer actin-binding protein, capping protein is composed of α and β subunits, and can stabilize the actin filament cytoskeleton by binding to F-actin ends to inhibit G-actin addition or loss from that end. Until now, studies on plant capping protein have focused on biochemical functions in vitro, and so the expression patterns and physiological(More)
Liver receptor homologue 1 (LRH-1) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily originally found in liver cells. LRH-1 participates in regulation of cholesterol metabolism and bile acid synthesis. Recent studies have shown that LRH-1 is even more highly expressed in the ovary, and LRH-1 has been implicated as a key transcriptional regulator of cytochrome(More)
Vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) is a membrane-bound multisubunit enzyme complex composed of at least 14 different subunits. The complex regulates the physiological processes of a cell by controlling the acidic environment, which is necessary for certain activities and the interaction with the actin cytoskeleton through its B and C subunits in both humans(More)