Dong-Ming Zhao

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Avian influenza A viruses rarely infect humans; however, when human infection and subsequent human-to-human transmission occurs, worldwide outbreaks (pandemics) can result. The recent sporadic infections of humans in China with a previously unrecognized avian influenza A virus of the H7N9 subtype (A(H7N9)) have caused concern owing to the appreciable case(More)
Seasonal influenza A viruses cause annual epidemics of respiratory disease; highly pathogenic avian H5N1 and the recently emerged H7N9 viruses cause severe infections in humans, often with fatal outcomes. Although numerous studies have addressed the pathogenicity of influenza viruses, influenza pathogenesis remains incompletely understood. Here we generate(More)
We tested the biological significance of two amino acid mutations in the PB2 protein (glutamic acid to lysine at position 627 and aspartic acid to asparagine at position 701) of A(H7N9) viruses for mammalian adaptation. Mutants were assessed for their viral polymerase activities, growth kinetics in mammalian and avian cells, and pathogenicity in mice. We(More)
Despite great efforts to control the infection of poultry with H5N1 viruses, these pathogens continue to evolve and spread in nature, threatening public health. Elucidating the characteristics of H5N1 avian influenza virus will benefit disease control and pandemic preparation. Here, we sequenced the genomes of 15 H5N1 avian influenza viruses isolated in(More)
Influenza viruses present major challenges to public health, evident by the 2009 influenza pandemic. Highly pathogenic influenza virus infections generally coincide with early, high levels of inflammatory cytokines that some studies have suggested may be regulated in a strain-dependent manner. However, a comprehensive characterization of the complex(More)
Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) are used clinically to promote fracture healing and slow down osteoporosis without knowledge of optimal parameters and underlying principles. In the present study, we investigate the effects of irritation for different durations with 15 Hz 1 mT sinusoidal EMFs (SEMFs) on rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs)(More)
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