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Both parallel MRI and compressed sensing (CS) are emerging techniques to accelerate conventional MRI by reducing the number of acquired data. The combination of parallel MRI and CS for further acceleration is of great interest. In this paper, we propose a novel method to combine sensitivity encoding (SENSE), one of the standard methods for parallel MRI, and(More)
As an indoleamine molecule, melatonin mediates many physiological processes in plants. We investigated its role in regulating growth, ion homeostasis, and the response to oxidative stress in Malus hupehensis Rehd. under high-salinity conditions. Stressed plants had reduced growth and a marked decline in their net photosynthetic rates and chlorophyll(More)
Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-coated (pegylated) gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been proposed as drug carriers and diagnostic contrast agents. However, the impact of particle characteristics on the biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of pegylated AuNPs is not clear. We investigated the effects of PEG molecular weight, type of anchoring ligand, and particle(More)
The family of dehydrin genes has important roles in protecting higher plants against abiotic stress, such as drought, salinity and cold. However, knowledge about apple dehydrin gene family is limited. In the present study, we used a bioinformatics approach to identify members of that family in apple (Malus domestica). A total of 12 apple dehydrin genes(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the potential of genetic polymorphism (Pro198Leu) in the human glutathione peroxidase 1 (hGPX1) gene as a biologic marker predictive of bladder cancer recurrence. Given the high propensity for superficial bladder cancer recurrence, biologic markers that are predictive of recurrence may provide additional helpful information in(More)
We compared two apple rootstocks -Malus prunifolia and Malus hupehensis - that differ in their tolerance to this abiotic stress. The former is considered drought-tolerant, the latter, sensitive. We monitored changes in their leaf ultrastructure and responses by their antioxidant defense systems. Irrigation was withheld for 12 d from two-year-old potted(More)
Cigarette smoking is the predominant risk factor for bladder cancer (BC). Major carcinogens present in tobacco smoke include a number of aromatic and heterocyclic amines. Two distinct N-acetyl transferase (NAT) enzymes, NAT1 and NAT2, play important roles in the bio-activation and detoxification of these carcinogens. Genes encoding NAT1 and NAT2 are highly(More)
BACKGROUND Ascorbic acid (AsA) is a unique antioxidant as well as an enzyme cofactor. Although it has multiple roles in plants, it is unclear how its accumulation is controlled at the expression level, especially in sink tissues. Kiwifruit (Actinidia) is well-known for its high ascorbate content. Our objective was to determine whether AsA accumulates in the(More)
Soil salinity is a major factor limiting apple production in some areas. Tonoplast Na+/H+ antiporters play a critical role in salt tolerance. Here, we isolated MdNHX1, a vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter from Luo-2, a salt-tolerant rootstock of apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.), and introduced it into apple rootstock M.26 by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation.(More)