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Soil salinity is a major factor limiting apple production in some areas. Tonoplast Na+/H+ antiporters play a critical role in salt tolerance. Here, we isolated MdNHX1, a vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter from Luo-2, a salt-tolerant rootstock of apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.), and introduced it into apple rootstock M.26 by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation.(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the potential of genetic polymorphism (Pro198Leu) in the human glutathione peroxidase 1 (hGPX1) gene as a biologic marker predictive of bladder cancer recurrence. Given the high propensity for superficial bladder cancer recurrence, biologic markers that are predictive of recurrence may provide additional helpful information in(More)
BACKGROUND Ascorbic acid (AsA) is a unique antioxidant as well as an enzyme cofactor. Although it has multiple roles in plants, it is unclear how its accumulation is controlled at the expression level, especially in sink tissues. Kiwifruit (Actinidia) is well-known for its high ascorbate content. Our objective was to determine whether AsA accumulates in the(More)
The family of dehydrin genes has important roles in protecting higher plants against abiotic stress, such as drought, salinity and cold. However, knowledge about apple dehydrin gene family is limited. In the present study, we used a bioinformatics approach to identify members of that family in apple (Malus domestica). A total of 12 apple dehydrin genes(More)
Both parallel MRI and compressed sensing (CS) are emerging techniques to accelerate conventional MRI by reducing the number of acquired data. The combination of parallel MRI and CS for further acceleration is of great interest. In this paper, we propose a novel method to combine sensitivity encoding (SENSE), one of the standard methods for parallel MRI, and(More)
The objectives of this study were to test the effects of exogenous melatonin on apple (Malus domestica Borkh. cv. Golden Delicious) leaves and investigate its possible physiological role in delaying leaf senescence. Detached leaves treated with 10 mm melatonin solutions clearly showed a slowing in their process of dark-induced senescence, as evidenced by(More)
Melatonin pre-treatment significantly increases the tolerance of both drought-tolerant Malus prunifolia and drought-sensitive M. hupehensis plants. Its beneficial effects include better water conservation in leaves, less electrolyte leakage, steady chlorophyll contents, and greater photosynthetic performance under stress conditions. Melatonin selectively(More)
In this paper we build a Software Defined Radio (SDR) testbed for the mobile broadcast system which using hierarchical modulation based on the USRP (Universal Software Radio Peripheral) platform. In hierarchical modulation, two separate data streams are modulated into one single stream. One stream, called the "High Priority" (HP) stream is embedded within a(More)
Cigarette smoking is the predominant risk factor for bladder cancer (BC). Major carcinogens present in tobacco smoke include a number of aromatic and heterocyclic amines. Two distinct N-acetyl transferase (NAT) enzymes, NAT1 and NAT2, play important roles in the bio-activation and detoxification of these carcinogens. Genes encoding NAT1 and NAT2 are highly(More)