Dong-Keon Lee

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The transcription factor NF-κB has an essential role in inflammation in endothelial cells. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-derived nitric oxide (NO) prevents vascular inflammation. However, the molecular mechanism underlying NF-κB-mediated regulation of eNOS expression has not been clearly elucidated. We here found that NF-κB-activating stimuli,(More)
Redd1 (known as RTP801/Dig2/DDIT4) is a stress-induced protein, and it is known to be regulated in response to some stresses including hypoxia and oxidative stress. In the present study, we investigated the time-dependent changes in Redd1 immunoreactivity and its protein levels in the gerbil hippocampus proper (CA1-3 regions) after 5 min of transient global(More)
Ginseng berry possesses higher ginsenoside content than its root, which has been traditionally used in herbal medicine for many human diseases, including atherosclerosis. We here examined the antiatherogenic effects of the Korean ginseng berry extract (KGBE) and investigated its underlying mechanism of action in vitro and in vivo. Administration of KGBE(More)
Ginsenoside Rg5 is a compound newly synthesized during the steaming process of ginseng; however, its biological activity has not been elucidated with regard to endothelial function. We found that Rg5 stimulated in vitro angiogenesis of human endothelial cells, consistent with increased neovascularization and blood perfusion in a mouse hind limb ischemia(More)
AIMS Hypoxia induces expression of various genes and microRNAs (miRs) that regulate angiogenesis and vascular function. In this study, we investigated a new functional role of new hypoxia-responsive miR-101 in angiogenesis and its underlying mechanism for regulating heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. RESULTS(More)
The tetrapeptide Arg-Leu-Tyr-Glu (RLYE) is known to inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A)-induced angiogenesis in vitro. Herein, we examined its underlying mechanism and antitumor activity associated with vascular remodeling. RLYE inhibited VEGF-A-induced angiogenesis in a mouse model and suppressed VEGF-A-induced angiogenic signal cascades(More)
Keap1 is a cytoplasmic repressor of the transcription factor Nrf2, and its degradation induces Nrf2 activation, leading to upregulation of antioxidant phase II genes. We investigated the roles of phase II genes in vascular inflammation and septic injury using Keap1 siRNA and elucidated its underlying mechanism. Selective knockdown of Keap1 with siRNA(More)
The charge pump in a phase-locked loop is a key element in determining reference spurs of the VCO output signal. To reduce reference spurs, the current mismatch in the charge pump must be minimized. This paper presents a dual compensation method to reduce the current mismatch. Current matching characteristics can be achieved with less than 0.15% difference(More)
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms are hemoenzymes that are only active as homodimers. We have examined the effect of the substrate-analogue inhibitors, N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMA), N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA), N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), N(5)-(1-iminoethyl)-L-ornithine (L-NIO), and N(6)-(1-iminoethyl)-L-lysine (L-NIL), the(More)
REDD1 is induced by various cellular stresses; however, its expression in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has not been clearly elucidated in immune cells. LPS stimulated CREB-dependent and NF-κB-independent REDD1 expression in macrophages. Early increases in CREB phosphorylation and REDD1 expression at 8h following LPS treatment were blocked by(More)