Dong-Jun Bae

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Efficient cell corpse clearance is critical for health in organisms. Apoptotic cells displaying phosphatidylserine (PS) are recognized by engulfment receptors and ingested through two conserved pathways. In one pathway, engulfment receptor brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 1 (BAI-1) or integrin functions upstream of ELMO/DOCK180 and activate the small(More)
Rab escort protein 1 (REP1) is a component of Rab geranyl-geranyl transferase 2 complex. Mutations in REP1 cause a disease called choroideremia (CHM), which is an X-linked eye disease. Although it is postulated that REP1 has functions in cell survival or death of various tissues in addition to the eye, how REP1 functions in normal and cancer cells remains(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Schisandra chinensis fruit extract (SCE) has been used as a traditional oriental medicine for treating vascular diseases. However, the pharmacologic effects and mechanisms of SCE on vascular fibrosis are still largely unknown. Transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1)-mediated cellular changes are closely associated with the(More)
Exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS) on the cell surface occurs early during apoptosis and serves as a recognition signal for phagocytes. Clearance of apoptotic cells by a membrane PS receptor is one of the critical anti-inflammatory functions of macrophages. However, the PS binding receptors and their recognition mechanisms have not been fully investigated.(More)
Clearance of apoptotic cells is involved in the resolution of inflammation, and this mechanism is controlled by the regulation of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine production during the ingestion of apoptotic cells. Inflamed areas show extracellular acidity, and low pH stimulates cellular functions of immune cells. However, little is known about the(More)
Autophagy is a catabolic degradation process and maintains cellular homeostasis. And autophagy is activated in response to various stress conditions. Although O-GlcNAcylation functions a sensor for nutrient and stress, the relationship between O-GlcNAcylation and autophagy is largely unknown. Here, we identified that ATG4B is novel target for(More)
Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is an intractable disease characterized by severe pelvic pain and urinary frequency. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy is a promising approach to treat incurable IC/BPS. Here, we show greater therapeutic efficacy of human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived multipotent stem cells (M-MSCs) than adult(More)
Although autophagy regulates the quality and quantity of cellular organelles, the regulatory mechanisms of peroxisomal autophagy remain largely unknown. In this study, we developed a cell-based image screening assay, and identified 1,10-phenanthroline (Phen) as a novel pexophagy inducer from chemical library screening. Treatment with Phen induces selective(More)
The removal of unwanted or damaged cells by phagocytes is achieved via a finely regulated cleaning process called efferocytosis. To characterize the mechanisms through which phagocytes control the intake of apoptotic cells, we investigated how the phagocyte's appetite for engulfed cells may be coordinated by RhoA and Rac1 in the phagocytic cup. We used FRET(More)
Microenvironmental acidosis is a common feature of inflammatory loci, in which clearance of apoptotic cells is necessary for the resolution of inflammation. Although it is known that a low pH environment affects immune function, its effect on apoptotic cell clearance by macrophages has not been fully investigated. Here, we show that treatment of macrophages(More)