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BACKGROUND Considering that dialysate calcium concentration is potentially a main determinant of the serum ionized calcium level and vasoconstriction is associated with the blood calcium concentration, we conducted a study to evaluate the interdialytic effects of treatment with a low calcium dialysate (LdCa, 1.25 mmol/L) on the changes in arterial(More)
Fluid shifts are commonplace in chronic hemodialysis patients during the intra- and interdialytic periods. In this study, we evaluated fluid shifts of body compartments using both bioimpedance spectroscopy and blood volume monitoring from the start to the end of hemodialysis. 24 stable hemodialysis patients were included on the study. Relative change of(More)
It is rare to observe ST-segment elevation in only the anterior leads and not the inferior leads during right coronary artery occlusion. We describe a case with acute myocardial infarction (MI) by right coronary artery occlusion who developed ST-segment elevation only in the precordial leads V1 to V3.
BACKGROUND We investigated whether the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) was related to the degree of the anemia in predialytic patients with renal failure and what was the most relevant factor for anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) from DM (DM-CKD). METHODS Seventy seven patients (47 predialytic patients with long-term type 2 DM(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Heart failure rarely occurs in patients with thyrotoxicosis (6%), with half of the cases having left ventricular dysfunction (LVD). Although a few studies reported isolated right heart failure in thyrotoxicosis, there has been no evaluation of relationship between LVD and right ventricular dysfunction (RVD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS For unknown reasons, caspase-1 -/- mice, protected against cisplatin-induced acute renal failure (ARF), are deficient in interleukin (IL)-1α. We thus asked whether IL-1α deficiency underlies the mechanism of protection against cisplatin-induced ARF in these mice. METHODS Cisplatin (30 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally into wild-type(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Inflammation plays a key role in ischemic acute renal failure (ARF). The present study investigated the infiltration of macrophages in the early phase of ischemic ARF in mice. METHODS Ischemic ARF was induced by renal clamping for 22 min, while the control mice underwent sham surgery (no clamping). The serum creatinine and blood urea(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We investigated which dialysis unit blood pressure (BP) is the most useful for predicting home BP in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). METHODS Patients undergoing HD who had been treated > 3 months were included in this study. Exclusion criteria were hospitalized patients with acute illness and changes in dry weight and(More)