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Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is caused by expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat located in the coding region of the human SCA2 gene. The SCA2 gene product, ataxin-2, is a basic protein with two domains (Sm1 and Sm2) implicated in RNA splicing and protein interaction. However, the wild-type function of ataxin-2 is yet to be determined. To help(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a difficult disease to diagnose although it is the second most common neurodegenerative disease. Recent studies show that exosome isolated from urine contains LRRK2 or DJ-1, proteins whose mutations cause PD. To investigate a potential use for urine exosomes as a tool for PD diagnosis, we compared levels of LRRK2, α-synuclein,(More)
Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a gene that, upon mutation, causes autosomal-dominant familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Yeast two-hybrid screening revealed that Snapin, a SNAP-25 (synaptosomal-associated protein-25) interacting protein, interacts with LRRK2. An in vitro kinase assay exhibited that Snapin is phosphorylated by LRRK2. A(More)
The expression patterns of presenilin 1 (PS1) and presenilin 2 (PS2) in human normal and Alzheimer disease (AD) brains were investigated using antibodies to specific N-terminal peptides of PS1 (Alzh14A and Alzh14B) and PS2 (Alzh1A-AB). The antibodies to peptides Alzh14A (Alzh14A-AB) and Alzh14B (Alzh14B-AB) detected the full-length protein (approximately 63(More)
Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a gene in which a mutation causes Parkinson’s disease (PD), and p53 is a prototype tumor suppressor. In addition, activation of p53 in patient with PD has been reported by several studies. Because phosphorylation of p53 is critical for regulating its activity and LRRK2 is a kinase, we tested whether p53 is(More)
Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) has been identified as a causative gene for Parkinson's disease (PD). LRRK2 contains a kinase and a GTPase domain, both of which provide critical intracellular signal-transduction functions. We showed previously that Rab5b, a small GTPase protein that regulates the motility and fusion of early endosomes, interacts with(More)
Immune-mediated hemolytic disease is a phenomenon rarely encountered with cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Elliptinium, a tetracyclic ammonium compound used in breast and kidney cancer, can induce antibodies that may result in clinical hemolysis. This study reports the characterization of the elliptinium haptenic determinant by use of two different(More)
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