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The chlorination of surface waters is known to form trihalomethanes. Therefore, chlorine dioxide (C1O2) is being considered as an alternative disinfectant. This study was designed to determine the effect of chlorine dioxide and its metabolites, chlorite (C1O-2) and chlorate (C1O-3), on rat fetuses exposed in utero. Female rats were administered C1O2 at 0,(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate assessment of acetabular morphology and its relationship to the femoral head is essential for planning a periacetabular osteotomy. We observed the acetabular coverage after virtual Bernese osteotomy using computer-aided technique. METHODS Three-dimensional computed tomography of 18 normal hips and 3 symptomatic dysplastic hips were(More)
Chlorination of drinking waters leads to the formation of trihalomethanes arising from the reaction of chlorine and organic substances. Therefore, chlorine dioxide (ClO2) which does not produce trihalomethanes is being considered as an alternative disinfectant. It has been reported that rat blood chloroform levels were significantly decreased after(More)
Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) and ankle arthrodesis (AA) are the main surgical treatment options for end-stage ankle arthritis. Although the superiority of each modality remains debated, there remains a lack of high-quality evidence-based studies, such as randomized controlled clinical trials, and meta-analyses of comparative studies. We performed a(More)
PURPOSE The gold standard for the treatment of segmental nerve defect is an autogenous nerve graft. However, donor site morbidity is an inevitable complication. We substituted an autogenous nerve graft with an inside-out vein graft for the treatment of segmental sensory nerve defect and the clinical results were evaluated retrospectively. PATIENTS AND(More)
PURPOSE Radiographic carpal chondromalacia (RCC) was defined as the presence of cortical sclerosis or subchondral changes, such as a lucent defect or cystic changes in a carpal on plain radiographs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors associated with the occurrence of RCC in idiopathic ulnar impaction syndrome and to determine the(More)
Chlorine interacts with organic materials in surface water, leading to the formation of trihalomethanes, that may be carcinogenic. Studies were conducted to investigate the pharmacodynamics and toxicity of chlorine (0, 1, 10, 100 mg 1(-1] in drinking water in rats. Blood glutathione (GSH) was significantly decreased after 6 months of treatment and this(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of alendronate released from chitosan scaffolds on enhancement of osteoblast functions and inhibition of osteoclast differentiation in vitro. The surface and cell morphologies of chitosan scaffolds and alendronate-loaded chitosan scaffolds were characterized by variable pressure field emission scanning(More)
INTRODUCTION The orientation of acetabular component is influenced by pelvic tilt, body position and individual variation in pelvic parameters. Most post-operative adverse events may be attributed to malposition of the component in the functional position. There is evidence that orientation of the pelvis changes from the supine to standing position. Authors(More)
The kinetics of chloride were studied in Sprague-Dawley rats following the oral administration of Na36Cl. The half-life for 36Cl- absorption from plasma was 19.2 h corresponding to a rate constant of 0.0361 h-1, while the half-life for 36Cl- elimination from plasma was 51.9 h, corresponding to a rate constant of 0.0134 h-1. At 120 h, radioactivity was(More)