Dong Hoon Hyun

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Mutations in alpha-synuclein (A30P and A53T) are involved in some cases of familial Parkinson's disease (FPD), but it is not known how they result in nigral cell death. We examined the effect of alpha-synuclein overexpression on the response of cells to various insults. Wild-type alpha-synuclein and alpha-synuclein mutations associated with FPD were(More)
The ubiquitin/proteasome pathway plays an essential role in protein turnover in vivo, and contributes to removal of oxidatively damaged proteins. We examined the effects of proteasome inhibition on viability, oxidative damage and antioxidant defences in NT-2 and SK-N-MC cell lines. The selective proteasome inhibitor, lactacystin (1 microM) caused little(More)
Bcl-2 is a gene family involved in the suppression of apoptosis in response to a wide range of cellular insults. Multiple papers have suggested a link between Bcl-2 and oxidative damage/antioxidant protection. We therefore examined parameters of antioxidant defense and oxidative damage in two different cell lines, NT-2/D1 (NT-2) and SK-N-MC, overexpressing(More)
Patients with Down's syndrome (DS) show elevated levels of copper, zinc-containing superoxide dismutase (SOD1) and appear to have increased lipid peroxidation and oxidative damage to DNA as well as elevated glutathione peroxidase activity. Increasing SOD1 levels by gene transfection in NT-2 and SK-N-MC cell lines also led to a rise in glutathione peroxidase(More)
Mutations in Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) are associated with some cases of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We overexpressed Bcl-2, wild-type SOD1 or mutant SOD1s (G37R and G85R) in NT-2 and SK-N-MC cells. Overexpression of Bcl-2 rendered cells more resistant to apoptosis induced by serum withdrawal, H2O2 or 4-hydroxy-2-trans-nonenal(More)
The nature of mitochondrial dysfunction in dopaminergic neurons in familial Parkinson's disease (PD) is unknown. We characterized the pathophenotypes of dopaminergic neuronal cells that were deficient in PINK1 or DJ-1, genes with mutations linked to familial PD. Both PINK1- and DJ-1-deficient dopaminergic neurons had the increased production of ROS, severe(More)
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