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Alzheimer's disease pathology is characterized by the presence of neuritic plaques and the loss of cholinergic neurons in the brain. The underlying mechanisms leading to these events are unclear, but the 42-amino acid beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta(1-42)) is involved. Immunohistochemical studies on human sporadic Alzheimer's disease brains demonstrate that(More)
We have recently reported evidence that a very high affinity interaction between the beta-amyloid peptide Abeta(1-42) and the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7nAChR) may be a precipitating event in the formation of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease. In the present study, the kinetics for the binding of Abeta(1-42) to alpha7nAChR and(More)
AIMS Amyloid has recently been shown to accumulate intracellularly in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), yet amyloid plaques are generally thought to arise from gradual extracellular amyloid deposition. We have investigated the possibility of a link between these two apparently conflicting observations. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
We describe a new method for studying the structure and diversity of bacterial communities in the natural ecosystem. Our approach is based on single-strand-conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of PCR products of 16S rRNA genes from complex bacterial populations. A pair of eubacterial universal primers for amplification of the variable V3 region were(More)
In biliary passages, Clonorchis sinensis causes epithelial hyperplasia and is assumed to promote carcinogenesis. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is an antioxidant enzyme involved in phase II defense in trematodes. A clone (pcsGSTM1) encoding a GST was identified by screening a C. sinensis cDNA library with a PCR-synthesized cDNA probe. The predicted amino(More)
Genomic RNA from the human prototype strain H of the hepatitis C virus (HCV-H) has been molecularly cloned and sequenced. The HCV-H sequence reported consists of 9416 nucleotides including the 5' and 3' untranslated regions. HCV-H shows 96% amino acid identity with the American isolate HCV-1 but only 84.9% with the Japanese isolates HCV-J and HCV-BK. In(More)
Injured afferent neurons produce spontaneous activity that is generated away from the normal impulse generation site. Since this activity, referred to as ectopic discharges, may play a significant role in neuropathic pain, it is important to systematically analyze the activity in various pain states. The present study used the segmental spinal nerve injury(More)
A novel strictly anaerobic, extremely thermophilic, spore-forming and xylose-utilizing bacterium, designated strain KB-1TP (type and patent strain), was isolated from a geothermal hot stream at Sileri on Java island, Indonesia. The cells were rod-shaped, motile and had terminal spores. The newly isolated strain stained gram-positive and the cells occurred(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively compare magnetic resonance (MR) cholangiography with endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) in the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-seven patients with suspected choledocholithiasis underwent non-breath-hold, heavily T2-weighted, respiratory-triggered turbo spin-echo MR cholangiography. They then(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the safety and clinical effectiveness of covered retrievable expandable nitinol stents in 25 patients with a benign esophageal stricture. MATERIALS AND METHODS Under fluoroscopic guidance, covered retrievable expandable nitinol stents were placed in 25 patients with a benign esophageal stricture and were removed with a retrieval(More)