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PURPOSE Diverticulitis of vermiform appendix is known as a rare cause of acute appendicitis, most of which are diagnosed after surgery. We compared appendiceal diverticulitis with acute appendicitis to study the clinical characteristics of appendiceal diverticulitis. METHODS Among 1,029 patients who received appendectomy from January 2009 to May 2011, 38(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to find out the differences of distal femur morphology between the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-injured and the non-ACL injured on an magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the difference of bone structure by gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS MRI Measurements of notch width (NW), bicondylar width (BCW), medial condyle(More)
The interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are pacemaking cells required for gastrointestinal motility. The possibility of whether DA-9701, a novel prokinetic agent formulated with Pharbitis Semen and Corydalis Tuber, modulates pacemaker activities in the ICC was tested using the whole cell patch clamp technique. DA-9701 produced membrane depolarization and(More)
NF-kappaB is a transcription factor, which is activated by various stimuli. One of the well-known activators of NF-kappaB is oxidative stress, which is a cause of cell death in some tissue, or cell types. Optic nerve transection, axotomy, results in retinal cell death, because of oxidative stress, deprivation of neurotrophic factors, etc. Since it has been(More)
BACKGROUND The use of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in the setting of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has shown improved outcomes compared with conventional CPR. The aim of this study was to determine factors predictive of survival in extracorporeal CPR (E-CPR). METHODS Consecutive 85 adult patients (median age, 59 years; range, 18 to 85 years;(More)
Formation of the sexually dimorphic nucleus of the pre-optic area (SDN-POA) in the rat hypothalamus shows a sexually differential development of neurons. Volume of the SDN-POA in males is much bigger than that in females which is because of a neuroprotective effect of estradiol converted from circulating testosterone during a critical period of brain(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of catechin on apoptotic cell death in the lens epithelium of rats with cataract. METHODS Cataract was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 100 mg/kg N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) to ten day-old Sprague-Dawley rats. The neonatal rats were randomly divided into five groups (n=15 in each group): a control group, and four(More)
PURPOSE Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) commonly occurs in women, and it causes enormous impact on quality of life. Surgery, drugs, and exercise have been recommended for the treatment of this disease. Among these exercise is also known to be effective for relieving thesymptoms of SUI, however, the efficacy and underlying mechanisms of exercise on SUI are(More)
PURPOSE The object of this study was to determine the shortest possible distances of antero-medial (AM) and postero-lateral (PL) guide wire tunnel positions required to prevent femoral bone tunnel communication in double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using human cadaver knees. MATERIALS AND METHODS The centers of femoral AM and PL(More)