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We examined the denitrification system of the fungus Cylindrocapon tonkinense and found several properties distinct from those of the denitrification system of Fusarium oxysporum. C. tonkinense could form N2O from nitrite under restricted aeration but could not reduce nitrate by dissimilatory metabolism. Nitrite-dependent N2O formation and/or cell growth(More)
PURPOSE Diverticulitis of vermiform appendix is known as a rare cause of acute appendicitis, most of which are diagnosed after surgery. We compared appendiceal diverticulitis with acute appendicitis to study the clinical characteristics of appendiceal diverticulitis. METHODS Among 1,029 patients who received appendectomy from January 2009 to May 2011, 38(More)
Many fungi in the centre of the group of Fusarium and its teleomorphs were shown to be capable of reducing nitrite anaerobically to form nitric oxide (NO), nitrous oxide (N2O), and/or dinitrogen (N2). Several strains could reduce nitrate as well. Nitrous oxide was the major product of the reduction of nitrate or nitrite. Several fungi could also form N2.(More)
BACKGROUND Although laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) has been performed widely, the role of LA for complicated appendicitis remains controversial, and its role for periappendiceal abscess (PA) remains undefined. This study compared the clinical outcomes of LA and open appendectomy (OA) for PA diagnosed by radiologic investigation. PATIENTS AND METHODS We(More)
We report 2 cases of conversion of fused knee to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) by way of soft-tissue expansion. Case 1 had had multiple operations on the infected total knee, which was arthrodesed 7 months before conversion. Case 2 had had knee arthrodesis for an intra-articular comminuted fracture 5 years and 10 months before conversion. In both patients,(More)
Ischemic cerebral stroke is one of the leading global causes of mortality and morbidity. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) refers to a sublethal ischemia and resulting in tolerance to subsequent severe ischemic injury. Although several pathways are reportedly involved in IPC-mediated neuroprotection, the functional role of astrocytes is not fully understood.(More)
Recent studies have indicated that Ginsenoside Rb1, one of the major components of ginseng root, may play an important role in protecting cells from damage. Here, we investigated the neuroprotective activity of Rb1 after hypoxic injury in young rats. About 50% animals were dead by exposing hypoxic condition three times in three consecutive days. Then, the(More)
To develop a therapeutic for functional dyspepsia (FD), a prokinetic agent, DA-9701 has been newly formulated with Pharbitis Semen and Corydalis Tuber and we evaluated the gastroprokinetic effects of DA-9701 in comparison with conventional prokinetics. Oral administration with DA-9701 not only significantly accelerated gastric emptying in normal rats but(More)
Lymphangioma, a benign neoplasm of the lymphatic system, is common in children but rare in adults. Its clinical manifestations include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and a palpable mass. However, abdominal sonography or abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan can also incidentally reveal lymphangioma. A larger or symptomatic lymphangioma is treated with(More)