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Recognizing human action in non-instrumented video is a challenging task not only because of the variability produced by general scene factors like illumination, background, occlusion or intra-class variability, but also because of subtle behavioral patterns among interacting people or between people and objects in images. To improve recognition, a system(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is known to play an important role in the pathology of traumatic brain injury. Mitochondria are thought to be the major source of the damaging reactive oxygen species (ROS) following TBI. However, recent work has revealed that the membrane, via the enzyme NADPH oxidase can also generate the superoxide radical (O(2)(-)), and(More)
The goal of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) antioxidant and neuroprotective actions in stroke. The results reveal a novel extranuclear receptor-mediated antioxidant mechanism for E(2) during stroke, as well as a hypersensitivity of the CA3/CA4 region to ischemic injury after prolonged hypoestrogenicity. E(2)(More)
JNK pathway is an important pro-apoptotic kinase cascade mediating cell death in response to a variety of extracellular stimuli including excitotoxicity, which results in selective and delayed neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1. On the contrary, activation of the protein kinase Akt, which is controlled by the opposing actions of PI3K and PTEN,(More)
Palmprint is widely used in personal identification for an accurate and robust recognition. To improve the existing palmprint systems, the proposed system, which is the first on-line multispectral palmprint recognition system ever designed before, uses multispectral capture device to sense images under different illumination, including red, green, blue and(More)
Septic shock is a severe systemic response to bacterial infection. Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) plays a role in immune reactions to recognize specific molecular patterns as pathogen recognition receptors. However, the interaction between LPS, the bioactive component of bacterial cell walls, and RAGE is unclear. In this study, we found(More)
BACKGROUND Recent work by our laboratory and others has implicated NADPH oxidase as having an important role in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and neuronal damage following cerebral ischemia, although the mechanisms controlling NADPH oxidase in the brain remain poorly understood. The purpose of the current study was to examine the regulatory and(More)
The blockade of aberrant hedgehog (Hh) signaling has shown promise for therapeutic intervention in cancer. A cell-based phenotypic high-throughput screen was performed, and the lead structure (1) was identified as an inhibitor of the Hh pathway via antagonism of the Smoothened receptor (Smo). Structure-activity relationship studies led to the discovery of a(More)
Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and their associated protein genes (cas genes) have been suggested to act as an immune system in archaea and bacteria mimicking the eukaryotic RNA interference (RNAi) system. We have investigated the properties of the protein SSO2001 from Sulfolobus solfataricus (Sso) P2, which is part of(More)
Recent work suggests that timing of 17β-estradiol (E2) therapy may be critical for observing a beneficial neural effect. Along these lines, E2 neuroprotection, but not its uterotropic effect, was shown to be lost following long-term E2 deprivation (LTED), and this effect was associated with a significant decrease of estrogen receptor-α (ERα) in the(More)