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BACKGROUND The effects of amblyopia on the glucose metabolism in the visual cortex in the resting state are evaluated, the asymmetry of glucose metabolism in the ipsilateral and the contralateral occipital lobes was examined by comparing the number of hypometabolic pixels in both occipital lobes, and the correlation between this asymmetry and the results of(More)
PURPOSE To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) among rebound, noncontact, and Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and their relationships to central corneal thickness in children. DESIGN Diagnostic protocol comparison and evaluation. METHODS In right eyes of 419 children, mean IOP, rates of successful measurement with 3 tonometries, and intermethod(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In search of a way to prevent postoperative adhesion after strabismus surgery, an animal study was performed to assess the effect of a gel consisting of a polyglycan ester in a gelatin matrix (ADCON-L). METHODS Bilateral recessions of superior rectus muscle (SR) were performed on 16 rabbits. ADCON-L was applied beneath and over the SR in(More)
BACKGROUND The surgical results for intermittent exotropia of the convergence insufficiency type have been reported to be of varying success. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the surgical results of medial rectus muscle (MR) resection(s) with adjustable suture for this condition. METHODS Twenty-one consecutive patients with intermittent exotropia(More)
Overaction of the inferior oblique(IO) muscle is manifested by elevation of the adducted eye and from the clinical point of view there are two types of overaction. The primary type is of unknown cause, whereas the secondary type is usually related to the palsy of the ipsilateral superior oblique or contralateral superior rectus. An ultrastructural study on(More)
Uveitis can be classified in a variety of ways and this fact makes it difficult to compare results. Therefore we classified uveitis by the location with the method of Henderly; anterior-, posterior-, intermediate- and panuveitis. We determined the frequency of occurrence, etiology and clinical characteristics of various forms of uveitis. We conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND To compare outcomes following contralateral lateral rectus (LR) recession and recess-resect (RR) procedures for recurrent exotropia of 20-25 prism dioptres (PD) after unilateral RR. METHODS 39 subjects were included in this retrospective study. All underwent, as a primary surgery for intermittent exotropia, unilateral RR on the non-dominant(More)
PURPOSE The manifest angle of the horizontal deviation in monofixation syndrome (MFS) has been reported to reach a maximum of 8 to 10 PD. Review of the literature, however, revealed no studies about the vertical deviation associated with MFS. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the range of the angle of the vertical deviation in MFS. METHODS Forty(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether ethanol administration disturbs the tear film and ocular surface. DESIGN Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS Twenty healthy male subjects were recruited. Ethanol was administered to 10 subjects and another 10 subjects served as controls. METHODS Twenty healthy male subjects with no ocular disease were recruited. Ethanol(More)
When the oculomotor nerve is completely paralyzed, the affected eye shows severe outward displacement and poor cosmetic appearance. Past results of many surgical procedures for oculomotor palsy have been generally unsatisfactory. We tried a new surgical approach experimentally, in which the disinserted lateral rectus muscle was used as an adductor by medial(More)