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Escherichia coli transcription termination factor rho is a hexamer with three catalytic subunits that turnover ATP at a fast rate and three noncatalytic subunits that turnover ATP at a relatively slow rate. The mechanism of the ATPase reaction at the noncatalytic sites was determined and was compared with the ATPase mechanism at the catalytic sites. A(More)
The Escherichia coli transcription termination factor Rho is structurally and functionally homologous to hexameric helicases that assemble into ring structures. Using stopped-flow fluorescence and presteady-state ATPase kinetics, we have determined the kinetic pathway of poly(C) RNA binding to Rho hexamer, both in the presence and in absence of ATP. These(More)
Ubiquitination of histones provides an important mechanism regulating chromatin remodeling and gene expression. Recent studies have revealed ubiquitin ligases involved in histone ubiquitination, yet the responsible enzymes and the function of histone ubiquitination in spermatogenesis remain unclear. We have previously shown that mice lacking the ubiquitin(More)
Raloxifene is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) that binds to the estrogen receptor (ER), and exhibits potent anti-tumor and autophagy-inducing effects in breast cancer cells. However, the mechanism of raloxifene-induced cell death and autophagy is not well-established. So, we analyzed mechanism underlying death and autophagy induced by(More)
The N-end rule pathway is a proteolytic system in which destabilizing N-terminal amino acids of short lived proteins are recognized by recognition components (N-recognins) as an essential element of degrons, called N-degrons. In eukaryotes, the major way to generate N-degrons is through arginylation by ATE1 arginyl-tRNA-protein transferases, which transfer(More)
OBJECTIVES The body position has a strong influence on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical features of two subtypes of positional OSA (POSA), namely supine-predominant OSA (spOSA) and supine-isolated OSA (siOSA), so as to discuss whether the two groups can be classified separately. METHODS A total of 279(More)
Although the mechanism by which dietary cholesterol is absorbed from the intestine is poorly understood, it is generally accepted that cholesterol is absorbed from bile acid micelles in the jejunum. Once inside the enterocytes, cholesterol is esterified by the action of acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT), assembled into chylomicrons, and(More)
OBJECTIVES The melanoma antigen gene (MAGE) and synovial sarcoma on X chromosome (SSX) gene families are silent in most normal adult tissues, but are expressed in a variety of malignant lesions. Therefore, detection of MAGE and SSX transcription may be useful for the diagnosis of head and neck cancers. The aim of this study is to detect MAGE and SSX gene(More)
Withaferin A, the active component of Withania somnifera, causes cytotoxicity in a variety of tumor cell lines. In this study, we show that withaferin A inhibits constitutive and IL-6-induced phosphorylation of STAT3 (on Tyr705), but not IFN-γ-induced STAT1 phosphorylation. Withaferin A-induced down-regulation of STAT3 activation is associated with a(More)
The active form of transcription termination factor rho from Escherichia coli is a homohexamer, but several studies suggest that the six subunits of the hexamer are not functionally identical. Rho has three tight and three weak ATP binding sites. Based on our findings, we propose that the tight nucleotide binding sites are noncatalytic and the weak sites(More)