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Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) with additive (a), additive × additive (aa) epistatic effects, and their treatmental interactions (at and aat) were studied under salt stress and normal conditions at seedling stage of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). A set of 182 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from cross Xiaoyan 54 × Jing 411 were used. A total of 29(More)
BACKGROUND In order to help establish heterotic groups of Chinese northern wheat cultivars (lines), Diversity arrays technology (DArT) markers were used to investigate the genetic diversity and population structure of Chinese common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). RESULTS In total, 1637 of 7000 DArT markers were polymorphic and scored with high confidence(More)
BACKGROUND Plant mitochondria, semiautonomous organelles that function as manufacturers of cellular ATP, have their own genome that has a slow rate of evolution and rapid rearrangement. Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS), a common phenotype in higher plants, is closely associated with rearrangements in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), and is widely used to produce(More)
Vigorous early root growth at seedling stage has been shown to be important for efficient acquisition of nutrients in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Identifying quantitative trait loci (QTL) for early root growth can facilitate the selection of wheat varieties with efficient nutrient use. A recombinant inbred line population derived from two Chinese wheat(More)
Low-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GS) strongly influence the bread-making quality of bread wheat. These proteins are encoded by a multi-gene family located at the Glu-A3, Glu-B3 and Glu-D3 loci on the short arms of homoeologous group 1 chromosomes, and show high allelic variation. To characterize the genetic and protein compositions of LMW-GS(More)
Low-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GS), encoded by a complex multigene family, play an important role in the processing quality of wheat flour. Although members of this gene family have been identified in several wheat varieties, the allelic variation and composition of LMW-GS genes in common wheat are not well understood. In the present study,(More)
Gibberellins (GAs) are important phytohormones in plants. GAs promote plant growth by inducing the degradation of DELLA proteins, which serve as GA signal repressors. The semi-dwarfing genes Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b, derived from the Japanese variety Norin 10, are gain-of-function mutant alleles of the reduced height-1 genes (Rht-B1 and Rht-D1) encoding wheat(More)
The common apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) is adaptable to the diverse geographical areas throughout northern China where the original center for common apricot is worldwide. The diversity of 94 apricot samples, including 66 typical Chinese local cultivars, four kernel-using apricots, thirteen cultivars of Xinjiang (belong to Central Asian groups), ten exotic(More)
The bread-making quality of wheat is strongly influenced by multiple low molecular weight glutenin subunit (LMW-GS) proteins expressed in the seeds. However, the organization, recombination and expression of LMW-GS genes and their functional mechanism in bread-making are not well understood. Here we report a systematic molecular analysis of LMW-GS genes(More)
The present study identified some new important genomic regions and demonstrated the availability of conditional analysis in dissecting QTLs induced by environmental factors. The high input and low use efficiency of nutrient fertilizers require knowledge of the genetic control of crop reaction to nutrient supplements. In this study, 14 morphological and 8(More)