Donetta S Gifford-Moore

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Sensitive method for chemical analysis of free cholesterol (FC) and cholesterol esters (CE) was developed. Mouse arteries were dissected and placed in chloroform-methanol without tissue grinding. Extracts underwent hydrolysis of cholesteryl esters and derivatization of cholesterol followed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) analysis. We(More)
Tripeptide aldehydes such as Boc-D-Phe-Pro-Arg-H (51) exhibit potent direct inhibition of thrombin. This distinction offers important insight for the design of more potent and selective serine protease inhibitors which may be useful pharmacological tools and hold promise for development of clinically useful agents. The structure-activity relationships (SAR)(More)
The crystal structure of human alpha-thrombin in complex with LY178550, a nonpeptidyl, active site-directed inhibitor, has been solved to 2.07 A resolution by the method of X-ray crystallography. The final model of the complex has a crystallographic R-value of 21.5% (Rfree = 23.1%) with 0.014 A and 2.4 degrees standard deviation from ideal bond lengths and(More)
Modeling of neutral or mildly basic functional groups in the S1 site of thrombin led to the targeting of imidazole as a S1 binding element and correctly predicted the optimal chain length for connecting this group with the S2 and S3 binding elements. Derivatives of 4-(3-aminopropyl)-imidazole can be selective inhibitors of thrombin demonstrating potent(More)
Thrombin Activatable Fibrinolysis Inhibitor (TAFI) is a basic carboxypeptidase that functions as a fibrinolysis inhibitor through the cleavage of C-terminal lysine on partially degraded fibrin. Modulation of TAFI activity provides a potential therapy for thrombosis complications by potentiating fibrinolysis. In our study, we identified three novel TAFI(More)
To enhance the potency of 1,2-dibenzamidobenzene-derived inhibitors of factor Xa (fXa), an amidine substituent was incorporated on one of the benzoyl side chains to interact with Asp189 in the S1 specificity pocket. Lead molecule 1 was docked into the active site of fXa to facilitate inhibitor design. Subsequently, iterative SAR studies and molecular(More)
A novel series of 1,2-disubstituted indole, azaindole and benzimidazole derivatives possessing an amine moiety was identified as thrombin inhibitors. An indole with basic diamine moieties (12a) was the most potent thrombin inhibitor in the series with Kass= 197 x 10(6) L/mol.
In our continuing effort to design novel thrombin inhibitors, a series of conformationally constrained amino acids (e.g. alpha-alkyl, N-alkyl cyclic, etc.) were utilized in a systematic structure-activity study of the P3, P2, and P1 positions of tripeptide arginal thrombin inhibitors. Early examples of this effort include: D-MePhe-Pro-Arg-H (15),(More)
In an effort to increase the thrombin inhibitory activity of a novel series of inhibitors (i.e., 1a), substituents were incorporated at the C-3" position of the C-3 aryl ring (2). Consistent with the X-ray crystallography studies, small hydrophobic groups at the C-3" site (Br and Me) enhanced thrombin inhibitory activity by 8-fold. However, a few more(More)