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The P3 component of the event-related potential (ERP) is generated in humans and other mammalian species when attention is drawn to infrequent stimuli. We assessed the role of subregions of human posterior association cortex in auditory P3 generation in groups of patients with focal cortical lesions. Auditory P3s were recorded to target (P3b) and unexpected(More)
Although once considered disruptive, self-conscious emotions are now theorized to be fundamentally involved in the regulation of social behavior. The present study examined the social regulation function of self-conscious emotions by comparing healthy participants with a neuropsychological population--patients with orbitofrontal lesions--characterized by(More)
The role of the orbitofrontal cortex in social behavior remains a puzzle. Various theories of the social functions of the orbitofrontal cortex focus on the role of this area in either emotional processing or its involvement in online monitoring of behavior (i.e., self-monitoring). The present research attempts to integrate these two theories by examining(More)
We recorded auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) to 1 kHz tone bursts in controls and patients with unilateral lesions centered in posterior superior temporal gyrus and adjacent caudal inferior parietal lobule (STG) or in rostral inferior parietal lobule (IPL). Controls generated a vertex maximal N94 (N1b) and P200 (P2) and additional P45, N78 and N127(More)
Without a functioning dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, humans are stimulus bound and have little confidence in their ability to interact with the environment. Deficits in inhibitory control of external and internal processes coupled with impaired temporal coding of stimuli and detection capacity for novel events leave the patient functioning in a noisy(More)
Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) and reaction times (RTs) were recorded in an auditory selective attention task in control subjects and two groups of patients with lesions centered in (1) the temporal/parietal junction (T/P, n = 9); and (2) the inferior parietal lobe (IPL, n = 7). High pitched tones were presented to one ear and low pitched tones to(More)
Auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) to click and pure tone stimuli were recorded in unrestrained, unanesthetized rats. The middle latency rat AEPs (N17, P23, N38) had midline scalp distributions similar to human MAEPs and were recorded to within 15 dB above BAEP threshold. In contrast to human MAEPs, rat MAEPs were decreased in amplitude at high stimulation(More)
We investigated the role of prefrontal cortex (PFC) in local contextual processing using a combined event-related potentials and lesion approach. Local context was defined as the occurrence of a short predictive series of visual stimuli occurring before delivery of a target event. Targets were preceded by either randomized sequences of standards or by(More)
Middle-latency auditory evoked potentials (MAEPs) were recorded in controls and patients with focal lesions in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Unilateral prefrontal lesions increased the amplitude of the Pa component of the MAEP beginning at 25-35 ms poststimulus. The data suggest that prefrontal cortex exerts early inhibitory modulation of input to primary(More)