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To determine the minimal DNA sequence homology required for recombination in Bacillus subtilis, we developed a system capable of distinguishing between homologous and illegitimate recombination events during plasmid integration into the chromosome. In this system the recombination frequencies were measured between ts pE194 derivatives carrying segments of(More)
Vicia faba plants show polymorphism to cobalt (Co) excess, expressed by a different degree of chlorophyll morphosis (CM)-from normally green (N) to yellow (Y) seedlings. For superoxide dismutase (SOD), the high V. faba polymorphism was revealed and increased by Co stress. Epigenetic mechanisms may be involved in both phenomena. For such reasons, we(More)
Linearization of pBG0 (a hydrid between Escherichia coli plasmid pBR322 and Staphylococcus aureus plasmid pUB110) was performed by lysis of the oxolinic acid treated Bacillus subtilis protoplasts with sodium dodecyl sulfate. This plasmid DNA linearization was used both for a detailed mapping of DNA gyrase cleavage sites of various strength and for the(More)
The soil surface is a major natural system that accumulates pollutants and allows researchers to disclose the history and the present state of contamination of an area with toxic pollutants. This conclusion is based on the comparison of genotoxicity of aqueous extracts and DMSO extracts of topsoil from military territories in various locations left behind(More)
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa; =M. sativa ssp. sativa) in Lithuania is sown as albuminous forage for cattle due to favourable climatic condition. Over many generations, alfalfa plants have escaped from cultivation fields into natural ecosystems and established wild populations. We collected and analyzed individuals from seventeen wild populations of M. sativa.(More)
Soil mutagens permanently and directly affect terrestrial plants, soil microorganisms and invertebrates and indirectly impact vertebrate and human populations. However, the dynamic response to soil mutagens under conditions of long-term exposure has been studied insufficiently. The clonal nature of Tradescantia #4430 and the well-developed associated test(More)
The alien species Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers. is in an intensive spreading phase in Lithuania. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPDs) and inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSRs) assays were used to study the genetic structure of old and new invasive populations and to determine the most spread genotypes of this species in Lithuania. Pairwise genetic(More)
A Random Amplified Microsatellite Polymorphism (RAMP) analysis was carried out on 30 barley cultivars from the Baltic states and Belarus. Seven primer combinations produced 60 polymorphic DNA fragments ranging in size from 54 b to 400 b. A Genetic Distance coefficient (GDxy) matrix was generated and a dendrogram constructed using cluster analysis of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Barley (Hordeum vulgare) double mutants Hv-Hd/tw2, formed by hybridization, are characterized by inherited phenotypic instability and by several new features, such as bract/leaf-like structures, long naked gaps in the spike, and a wide spectrum of variations in the basic and ectopic flowers, which are absent in single mutants. Several of(More)
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa) was introduced to Lithuania as a fodder crop and now grows as a weed in natural ecosystems adjacent to its wild relative, sickle medic (M. sativa subsp. falcata). The hybrid form of these taxa, variegated alfalfa (M. sativa subsp. varia), is considered an invasive taxon due to its intensive spread. Here, we use(More)