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We developed a novel surface display system based on the use of bacterial spores. A protein of the Bacillus subtilis spore coat, CotB, was found to be located on the spore surface and used as fusion partner to express the 459-amino-acid C-terminal fragment of the tetanus toxin (TTFC). Western, dot blot and fluorescent-activated cell sorting analyses were(More)
Tetanus toxin fragment C (TTFC) was expressed on the surface of the vaccine vector Streptococcus gordonii, a Gram-positive commensal bacterium of the human oral cavity. The immunogenicity of recombinant S. gordonii expressing TTFC was assayed in mice immunized by the parenteral and mucosal routes. High serum TTFC-specific IgG responses were induced in both(More)
To circumvent the need to engineer pathogenic microorganisms as live vaccine-delivery vehicles, a system was developed which allowed for the stable expression of a wide range of protein antigens on the surface of Gram-positive commensal bacteria. The human oral commensal Streptococcus gordonii was engineered to surface express a 204-amino acid allergen from(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the feasibility of expressing the potent HIV-inactivating protein, cyanovirin-N (CV-N), in the human commensal bacterium Streptococcus gordonii, as a possible approach for local delivery of CV-N to prevent sexual transmission of HIV-1. DESIGN AND METHODS To express CV-N in S. gordonii, we used the host-vector system we had previously(More)
Our genetic system for expression of heterologous proteins on the surface of the Gram-positive bacterium Streptococcus gordonii was used to express a human T-helper epitope of HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120. In previous work on the naive repertoire of human T-helper cells, it was shown that a 15-amino acid synthetic peptide of the HIV-1 gp120 sequence(More)
Here, we show that bacteria induce de novo synthesis of both major histocompatability complex (MHC) class I and II molecules in a mouse dendritic cell culture system. The neo-biosynthesis of MHC class I molecules is delayed as compared with that of MHC class II. Furthermore, bacteria stabilize MHC class I molecules by a 3-fold increase of their half-life.(More)
Recombinant Streptococcus gordonii expressing on the surface the C-fragment of tetanus toxin was tested as an Ag delivery system for human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs). DCs incubated with recombinant S. gordonii were much more efficient than DCs pulsed with soluble C-fragment of tetanus toxin at stimulating specific CD4+ T cells as determined by(More)
To avoid the use of engineered pathogens for vaccine delivery, systems have been developed that allow the expression of heterologous antigens in commensal Gram-positive bacteria. In some cases, both a serum IgG and secretory IgA response are induced to the recombinant protein after vaccination, verifying the validity of the approach. These live recombinant(More)
Infectious diseases remain a major health and socioeconomic problem in many low-income countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. For many years, the three most devastating diseases, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis (TB) have received most of the world's attention. However, in rural and impoverished urban areas, a number of infectious diseases remain(More)
The workshop on vaccine adjuvants was held in July of 2009 at the European Commission in Brussels, with the goal of identifying key scientific priorities as they pertain to the development of effective vaccines against life-threatening diseases especially those associated with poverty, including HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis as well as neglected(More)