Donat Peter Häder

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Increases in ultraviolet radiation at the Earth's surface due to the depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer have recently fuelled interest in the mechanisms of various effects it might have on organisms. DNA is certainly one of the key targets for UV-induced damage in a variety of organisms ranging from bacteria to humans. UV radiation induces two of(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the oxidative damage of the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. caused by UV-B (280-315 nm) radiation. UV-B-induced overproduction of ROS as well as the oxidative stress was detected in vivo by using the ROS-sensitive probe 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA). Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(More)
The mechanism of photoinhibition was investigated in three representative macroalgal species growing on the coast of Patagonia: the chlorophyte Ulva rigida C. Agardh, the rhodophyte Porphyra columbina Montagne and the phaeophyte Dictyota dichotoma (Huds.) Lamour. Dark adapted specimens were exposed to 15 min unfiltered solar radiation to induce(More)
The effect of UV and visible light on cyanobacteria was determined at the cellular level by means of epifluorescence and confocal microscopy techniques. These methods allow the examination of light effects in spatial resolution. Series of measurements were performed to determine the effect of different light qualities and quantities on cyanobacteria. To(More)
Interactions between climate change and UV radiation are having strong effects on aquatic ecosystems due to feedback between temperature, UV radiation, and greenhouse gas concentration. Higher air temperatures and incoming solar radiation are increasing the surface water temperatures of lakes and oceans, with many large lakes warming at twice the rate of(More)
An automated biomonitoring system for early warning of pollutants in aquatic environments is described and characterized. The system uses sublethal changes in the movement behavior of the flagellate Euglena gracilis as biological endpoints. The movement is determined by real time image analysis. All parameters describing motility, velocity, orientation, and(More)
The effects of various irradiances of artificial UV-B (280-315 nm) in the presence or absence of visible light (photosynthetically active radiation) on growth, survival, 14CO2 uptake and ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (RuBISCO) activity were studied in the N2-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena BT2. We tested the hypothesis whether or not visible(More)
In addition to a number of other external stimuli, the gliding cyanobacterium, Phormidium uncinatum, uses light as a clue to control movement in order to find and stay in a microhabitat with optimal conditions for growth and survival of the population. Of the three photoresponses developed in cyanobacteria, phototaxis, photokinesis and photophobic(More)
The effects of solar radiation (PAR, UVA, UVB) on the productivity and structure of diatom and invertebrate assemblages were assessed during primary succession on artificial substrate near a rocky shore of the Saronikos Gulf, Greece. Three light treatments were performed (PAR, PAR+UVA, and PAR+UVA+UVB) at 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 m of depth. Pennate diatoms were(More)
Using sucrose gradient centrifugation, anion exchange chromatography on a SMART system, isoelectric focusing (IEF) and sodium dodecylsulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS PAGE), a 45.5 kDa membrane protein was isolated from amoebae of the cellular slime mould Dictyostelium discoideum. The absorption spectrum of the isolated protein corresponds(More)