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Rehabilitative Ultrasound Imaging (RUSI) has been validated as a noninvasive method to measure activation of selected muscles. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between muscle thickness change, as measured by ultrasonography, and electromyography (EMG) activity of the lumbar multifidus (LM) muscle in normal subjects. Bipolar fine… (More)
To determine plasma clearance kinetics for beta-endorphin (BE) by empirical compartmental analysis, a bolus of radioactive labeled 125I-BE was rapidly injected into a carotid artery catheter of unanesthetized lean (L) and obese (O) Zucker rats. The plasma disappearance of 125I was followed over a 3-h period. A 3-component exponential equation provided the… (More)
A new fluid pump and technique has been described for drug administration into either ventricles or directly into brain tissue of awake, freely behaving animals. The novel apparatus and procedures eliminate most of the common methodological obstacles to injecting nl volume amounts into freely moving animals.