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OBJECTIVE The Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the Practice Committee of the Child Neurology Society develop practice parameters as strategies for patient management based on analysis of evidence. For this parameter, the authors reviewed available evidence on the evaluation of the child with recurrent headaches and(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that atomoxetine does not significantly worsen tic severity relative to placebo in children and adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid tic disorders. METHODS Study subjects were 7 to 17 years old, met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV criteria for ADHD, and had(More)
OBJECTIVE To review evidence on the pharmacologic treatment of the child with migraine headache. METHODS The authors reviewed, abstracted, and classified relevant literature. Recommendations were based on a four-tiered scheme of evidence classification. Treatment options were separated into medications for acute headache and preventive medications. (More)
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a disorder noted for its unique intensity of vomiting, repeated emergency department visits and hospitalizations, and reduced quality of life. It is often misdiagnosed due to the unappreciated pattern of recurrence and lack of confirmatory testing. Because no accepted approach to management has been established, the task(More)
Ten developmentally delayed children with excessive drooling were randomized in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study to assess the efficacy and safety of transdermal scopolamine. Over half of the patients had a statistically significant reduction in drooling, and one-third had cessation of drooling, while wearing the scopolamine patch. This short-term(More)
Headache represents one of the most common reasons why children and adolescents are referred to pediatric neurology practices where the most common headache syndromes diagnosed are migraine and its variants, and chronic daily headache. The bulk of recent literature regarding headache in children has focused on these two clinical entities even though large(More)
Segmental or spinal myoclonus is an uncommon involuntary movement in infancy which has been attributed to sepsis, degenerative and developmental diseases of the spinal cord, birth trauma, and sclerosing panencephalitis. A premature infant presenting with segmental myoclonus associated with extreme hyperglycorrhachia secondary to the administration of(More)
The treatment of children and adolescents who suffer from migraine headaches must be individually tailored, flexible, and balanced with a blend of bio-behavioral measures, agents for acute treatment and, if needed, daily preventive medicines. While controlled data is limited, there is now enough evidence available to provide a rational framework to build(More)
Objective To review evidence on the pharmacologic treatment of the child with migraine headache. Methods The authors reviewed, abstracted, and classified relevant literature. Recommendations were based on a four-tiered scheme of evidence classification. Treatment options were separated into medications for acute headache and preventive medications. Results(More)
A majority of the children presented for evaluation of headache complaints, will have one of the primary headache disorder such as tension-type or migraine. During the course of the evaluation, consideration must be given to the diverse collection of other medical and systemic disorders which may also cause headache in children and adolescents. The purpose(More)