Donald W. Howie

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This study investigates receptor activator NF-kappaB (RANK), RANK ligand (RANKL) and tumour necrosis factor (TNFalpha), key factors regulating bone turnover, present in the tissues near peri-prosthetic osteolysis. Tissue was obtained from zones of peri-prosthetic osteolysis from 11 patients undergoing revision of total hip prostheses, analysed(More)
We investigated the relationship between the toxic effects of metal wear particles and their ability to stimulate the release of inflammatory mediators implicated in bone resorption. In vitro studies were carried out with use of rat peritoneal macrophages, which were exposed to either cobalt-chromium-alloy or titanium-aluminum-vanadium particles, milled(More)
Extensive osteolysis adjacent to implants is often associated with wear particles of prosthetic material. We have investigated if RANKL, also known as osteoprotegerin ligand, osteoclast differentiation factor or TRANCE, and its natural inhibitor, osteoprotegerin (OPG), may be important in controlling this bone loss. Cells isolated from periprosthetic(More)
BACKGROUND The use of larger femoral heads has been proposed to reduce the risk of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty, but there is a lack of evidence to support this proposal. The aim of this multicenter randomized controlled trial was to determine whether the incidence of dislocation one year after total hip arthroplasty is significantly lower in(More)
The effects of matte finish and modularity on loosening of tapered stems using the same cementing technique were studied prospectively. In 80 patients, 82 cemented Exeter primary stems were implanted at total hip revision by one surgeon using the same surgical and cementing technique throughout the series. The polished stems behaved differently than the(More)
Wear particle-induced orthopaedic prosthesis loosening is associated with elevated osteoclast activity. The immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-related molecules OSCAR, FcRγ, TREM2 and DAP12 are important for osteoclast formation. The aim of this study was to determine if these molecules are involved in peri-implant loosening by(More)
BACKGROUND A better understanding of the factors associated with the size and/or progression of osteolytic lesions has been hampered by a lack of sensitivity of radiographic measurement techniques. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed quantitative computed tomography scans that had been made with use of a high-resolution multi-slice scanner with a metal(More)
BACKGROUND The Paprosky acetabular defect classification is widely used but has not been appropriately validated. Reliability of the Paprosky system has not been evaluated in combination with standardized techniques of measurement and scoring. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES This study evaluated the reliability, teachability, and validity of the Paprosky acetabular(More)
We reviewed the technetium phosphate scans of 280 patients who had been referred with a clinical diagnosis of osteomyelitis in order to establish the diagnostic accuracy of this procedure. Strict criteria were established to define two subgroups: one of patients with proved osteomyelitis and one of patients who definitely did not have osteomyelitis. The(More)
The periacetabular osteotomy is a well established surgical procedure for the preventative treatment of degenerative joint disease caused by symptomatic acetabular dysplasia. Surgeons on several continents use varying surgical approaches to achieve the same effective osteotomy. Individual surgical approaches must provide accurate and adequate exposure for(More)