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BACKGROUND Lateral tibial plateau fractures that are located posterolaterally are difficult to reduce through an anterolateral surgical approach because of the lack of direct visualisation of the fracture. This study compared the results of unicondylar posterolateral tibial plateau fractures in two patient cohorts: one treated through a posterolateral(More)
BACKGROUND The use of larger femoral heads has been proposed to reduce the risk of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty, but there is a lack of evidence to support this proposal. The aim of this multicenter randomized controlled trial was to determine whether the incidence of dislocation one year after total hip arthroplasty is significantly lower in(More)
The periacetabular osteotomy is a well established surgical procedure for the preventative treatment of degenerative joint disease caused by symptomatic acetabular dysplasia. Surgeons on several continents use varying surgical approaches to achieve the same effective osteotomy. Individual surgical approaches must provide accurate and adequate exposure for(More)
Wear particle-induced orthopaedic prosthesis loosening is associated with elevated osteoclast activity. The immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-related molecules OSCAR, FcRγ, TREM2 and DAP12 are important for osteoclast formation. The aim of this study was to determine if these molecules are involved in peri-implant loosening by(More)
The effects of matte finish and modularity on loosening of tapered stems using the same cementing technique were studied prospectively. In 80 patients, 82 cemented Exeter primary stems were implanted at total hip revision by one surgeon using the same surgical and cementing technique throughout the series. The polished stems behaved differently than the(More)
We report a prospective randomly controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of continuous passive motion (CPM) in improving postoperative function and range of movement after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We allocated 53 patients (57 knees) to one of three postoperative regimes: no CPM (n = 19); CPM at 0 to 40 degrees (0 to 40 CPM; n = 18); and CPM at 0(More)
The aim of this pilot study was to examine bone graft incorporation in femurs impacted with allograft bone alone (control group) or with allograft containing the bone morphogenetic protein OP-1 (BMP-7) (OP-1 group) in a sheep model of cemented hemiarthroplasty. Two sheep in each group were sacrificed at 6, 18 and 26 weeks. Successful bone graft(More)
BACKGROUND The Paprosky acetabular defect classification is widely used but has not been appropriately validated. Reliability of the Paprosky system has not been evaluated in combination with standardized techniques of measurement and scoring. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES This study evaluated the reliability, teachability, and validity of the Paprosky acetabular(More)
We investigated the relationship between the toxic effects of metal wear particles and their ability to stimulate the release of inflammatory mediators implicated in bone resorption. In vitro studies were carried out with use of rat peritoneal macrophages, which were exposed to either cobalt-chromium-alloy or titanium-aluminum-vanadium particles, milled(More)
Particles of prosthetic material stimulate macrophages to release cytokines, which may cause bone loss and loosening of the prosthesis. This study investigates the possibility that particles of different prosthetic materials may induce different cytokines and thus have different effects on bone remodeling. The in vitro response of human monocytes to(More)