Donald W. Henderson

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Modern research has provided new insights into the biological mechanisms of noise-induced hearing loss, and with these new insights comes hope for possible prevention or treatment. Underlying the classic set of cochlear pathologies that occur as a result of noise exposure are increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a significant role in(More)
Maternal exposure to polyhalogenated hydrocarbons results in early postnatal hypothyroxenemia and a low-frequency hearing loss in adult offspring (Goldey et al., 1995a. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 135, 67-76; Herr et al., 1996. Fundam. Appl. Toxicol. 33, 120-128). The purpose of the present work was to determine whether the site-of-action of this auditory(More)
Elongation of intact young leaves of maize was found to be dynamically dependent on soil water supply. With adequate water, elongation was remarkably constant but slowed when the water potential of the soil in pots dropped from -0.1 to -0.2 bar and stopped when it dropped to -2.5 bars. The corresponding range of leaf water potential was -2.8 to -7 bars.(More)
CONCLUSION These findings indicate a strong protective effect of ALCAR and NAC on impulse noise-induced cochlear damage, and suggest the feasibility of using clinically available antioxidant compounds to protect the ear from acute acoustic injury. OBJECTIVE Reactive oxygen species have been shown to play a significant role in noise-induced hearing loss.(More)
Carboplatin preferentially destroys inner hair cells (IHCs) and type-I spiral ganglion neurons while sparing outer hair cells (OHCs). Loss of IHCs and type-I ganglion cells is associated with a significant reduction of the compound action potential (CAP). However, the cochlear microphonic (CM) potential and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs)(More)
The daily cycle of leaf elongation rate, water potential, and solute potential of maize and sorghum, as well as temperature, were monitored in the field. Major climatic features were high radiation and a minimum air temperature of about 12 C. Leaf elongation of both crops was slowest at night, presumably because of low temperature. Peak elongation rates(More)
The hearing loss from exposure to noise and ototoxic drugs share a number of audiological and pathological similarities. Recent research has shown that reactive oxygen species (ROS) may be a common factor in both noise- and drug-induced hearing loss. This review describes three experiments that point to ROS as a causative factor in both noise- and(More)
Temporary threshold shift (TTS) as well as permanent threshold shift (PTS) represent the most common hearing effect of acute and chronic high level acoustic stimulation. TTS is typically related to the traumatizing stimulus spectrum and to the exposure level and duration. The stapedial acoustic reflex as well as the repetition rate of the exposure may(More)
It has been known for some time that noise-induced outer hair cell (OHC) death in the cochlea continues well after the termination of a noise exposure. However, the underlying mechanisms leading to the expansion of a cochlear lesion are not fully understood. Here we report involvement of the apoptotic pathway in the progression of OHC death in the(More)
The pathologic similarities noted after ototoxic and/or traumatic injury to the cochlea as well as the key features of the cochlea that make it susceptible to reactive oxygen species (ROS) damage are reviewed. Recent evidence linking ROS to cochlear damage associated with both ototoxins and/or trauma are presented. Mechanisms of generation of ROS in the(More)