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The steady state expression of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) at both the protein and mRNA level is reported for the 60 tumor cell lines that are used for the National Cancer Institute Drug Screening Program. Individual GST isozymes were separated, identified, and quantified (with reverse-phase calibration curves) through a novel high performance liquid(More)
The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant gram-positive bacteria represent a serious clinical problem. Telavancin is a novel lipoglycopeptide antibiotic that possesses rapid in vitro bactericidal activity against a broad spectrum of clinically relevant gram-positive pathogens. Here we demonstrate that telavancin's antibacterial activity derives from(More)
A novel high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method is described for the determination of vancomycin in serum and urine. After the addition of internal standard (teicoplanin), serum and urine samples were directly injected onto an HPLC system consisting of an extraction column and dual analytical columns. The columns(More)
Some of the properties of the tetrapeptide tuftsin, Thr-Lys-Pro-Arg, are discussed. We describe three phases of tuftsin activation of the macrophage. Tuftsinyltuftsin, the octapeptide Thr-Lys-Pro-Arg-Thr-Lys-Pro-Arg, was synthesized with a view of minimizing the formation of Lys-Pro-Arg, from tuftsin by tissue aminopeptidases. The tripeptide is a tuftsin(More)
The determination of GST levels in blood has been proposed to a marker of tumour burden in general, whereas level of the P1 isoenzyme has been identified as a prognostic factor for breast-cancer patients receiving no adjuvant chemotherapy. Particular glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoenzymes differ in their substrate specificity, however, and their(More)
Affinity fingerprinting is a quantitative method for mapping chemical space based on binding preferences of compounds for a reference panel of proteins. An effective reference panel of <20 proteins can be empirically selected which shows differential interaction with nearly all compounds. By using this map to iteratively sample the chemical space,(More)
Hepatic levels of GSH and Phase II detoxication enzymes were compared to biochemical and histological indices of hepatic damage in 4- to 76-week-old nontransgenic mice and their transgenic littermates that overexpress the hepatitis B virus large envelope protein. The mice were fed a low-sucrose AIN-76A diet ad libitum. Hepatic-specific activities of quinone(More)
HPLC affinity and reversed-phase modes were coupled for the direct measurement of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) in cytosol extracts. Two coupling designs were examined. In the sequential configuration the affinity column served to extract the isoenzymes which were then eluted directly onto the reversed-phase column as a single fraction. Subsequent(More)
A method for the examination of the glutathione S-transferase isoenzyme profiles in human liver using a new HPLC affinity support is described. Liver cytosol was injected directly onto an HPLC column (5 x 0.46 cm) containing a support with a covalently bound affinity ligand (S-octylglutathione) specific for the isoenzymes. Contaminating cytosolic proteins(More)
The immobilization of affinity ligands onto epoxy-activated stationary phases is enhanced at high concentrations of certain salts, such as ammonium sulfate and potassium phosphate. This enhancement is thought to occur because of a salt-induced hydrophobic interaction between the affinity ligand and the surface of the stationary phase. The increase in(More)