Donald Salter

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Expression of integrins, a family of cell adhesion proteins, by human articular cartilage chondrocytes in vivo has been studied by immunohistological techniques using cryostat sections and a panel of anti-integrin monoclonal antibodies. Chondrocytes strongly expressed beta 1 and alpha 5 integrin subunits, known to form the classical fibronectin receptor,(More)
Mechanical forces influence chondrocyte metabolism and are critically important for maintenance of normal cartilage structure and integrity. In cells of the musculoskeletal system and mechanoresponsive cells in other tissues, integrins seem to be involved in the mechanotransduction process. Integrin activity is important in the early cellular responses to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine molecular events in the regulation of messenger RNA (mRNA) of cartilage matrix molecules and proteases by mechanical stimulation of chondrocytes from normal human articular cartilage and to ascertain whether similar regulatory systems are present in chondrocytes from osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage. METHODS Chondrocytes extracted from(More)
1. Cyclical pressurization of cultured chondrocytes results in increases in cyclic AMP and in the rate of proteoglycan synthesis. Intermittent increases in hydrostatic pressure are also associated with hyperpolarization of chondrocyte cell membranes and activation of Ca(2+)-dependent K(+)-ion channels but the physiological basis for this response to(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine expression and regulation of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) in human articular chondrocytes. METHODS Human articular chondrocytes were enzymatically isolated from normal and osteoarthritic knee cartilage. Immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)(More)
BACKGROUND The use of non-invasive imaging to identify ruptured or high-risk coronary atherosclerotic plaques would represent a major clinical advance for prevention and treatment of coronary artery disease. We used combined PET and CT to identify ruptured and high-risk atherosclerotic plaques using the radioactive tracers (18)F-sodium fluoride ((18)F-NaF)(More)
In human tumourigenesis the tumour suppressor gene most commonly affected by mutation, inactivation or allele loss is p53. Loss of p53 function is associated both with failure to maintain a normal diploid status and inability to delete cells by apoptosis following DNA damage. To investigate further the role of p53 we have generated mice carrying a large(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the use of a hyaluronic acid/polycaprolactone material for meniscal tissue engineering and to evaluate the tissue regeneration after the augmentation of the implant with expanded autologous chondrocytes. Eighteen skeletally mature sheep were treated. The animals were divided into three groups: cell-free scaffold,(More)
Mechanical stimuli influence chondrocyte metabolism, inducing changes in intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate and proteoglycan production. We have previously demonstrated that primary monolayer cultures of human chondrocytes have an electrophysiological response after intermittent pressure-induced strain characterised by a membrane hyperpolarisation(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether substance P and the corresponding neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor are expressed in human articular cartilage, and whether these molecules have a role in chondrocyte mechanotransduction. METHODS Transgenic studies, immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction were used to assess the(More)