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STUDY OBJECTIVES To compare anthropomorphic, nocturnal polysomnographic (PSG), and multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) data between positional (PP) and nonpositional (NPP) obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. DESIGN This is a retrospective analysis of anthropomorphic, PSG, and MSLT data of a large group of OSA patients who underwent a complete PSG(More)
The aggravating effect of the supine body position on breathing abnormalities during sleep was recognized from the earliest studies on sleep breathing disorders. Most of the anatomical and physiological correlates of this phenomenon appear to be due to the effect of gravity on the upper airway. Although few articles have been published on this topic, it has(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the prevalence and severity of anemia in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and the effect of its correction on cardiac and renal function and hospitalization. BACKGROUND The prevalence and significance of mild anemia in patients with CHF is uncertain, and the role of erythropoietin with intravenous iron(More)
OBJECTIVES Iron deficiency anemia is a frequent finding in many patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of intravenous (i.v.) iron on the anemia of CHF patients and on cardiac remodeling, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification and renal function. METHODS Thirty-two patients with(More)
Anemia (Hemoglobin of < 12 to 13 g/dl) is frequently encountered in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). This anemia may be partly due to hemodilution, partly to the associated reduction in renal function, and partly to the use of ACE inhibitors and aspirin. However, there is evidence that CHF alone--through excessive cytokine production may also(More)
Changes in nitric oxide (NO) levels were determined in ischaemic acute renal failure in streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus rats. Two weeks after streptozotocin administration and immediately after right nephrectomy, the left renal artery was occluded for 60 min. Similar procedures were carried out in non-diabetic rats. The nitrite (NO2) + nitrate(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is a common clinical condition affecting at least 2-4% of the adult population. Hypertension is found in about half of all OSA patients, and about one-third of all patients with essential hypertension have OSA. There is growing evidence that successful treatment of OSA can reduce systemic blood pressure (BP). Body position(More)
BACKGROUND Up to 64% of patients referred to nephrologists with chronic kidney insufficiency (CKI) have evidence of congestive heart failure (CHF), and most of these patients are also anemic. We have called this triad of anemia, CKI, and CHF the cardio renal anemia (CRA) syndrome. The 3 components of this syndrome form a vicious circle, with each one(More)
BACKGROUND There is some epidemiological and clinical evidence that the anemia seen in chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients not on dialysis could be due to a significant extent to iron deficiency, and that adequate iron replacement could cause a marked improvement in the anemia even without the use of erythropoietin (EPO). The purpose of this work was(More)
UNLABELLED Anaemia is frequently found in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and has been associated with an increase in mortality and morbidity, impaired cardiac and renal function and a reduced quality of life (QoL) compared with non-anaemic CHF patients. Correction of anaemia with recombinant human erythropoietin (epoetin) has been associated with(More)