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The chromosomal distribution of alleles for HLA-A,-B,-C, and -DR and the serum complement protein alleles of factor B and C2 and C4 was studied in normal Caucasian families. Eight combinations of HLA-B, DR, BF, C2, C4A, and C4B markers were found to occur in haplotypes at frequencies significantly higher than expected. In these combinations, which were(More)
We have studied major histocompatibility complex markers in Caucasian patients with type I diabetes mellitus and their families. The frequencies of extended haplotypes that were composed of specific HLA-B, HLA-DR, BF, C2, C4A, and C4B allelic combinations, which occurred more commonly than expected, were compared on random diabetic and normal chromosomes in(More)
Genetic polymorphism in the beta-subunit of the eighth component of human complement, C8, was defined by isoelectric focusing of serum in polyacrylamide gel in the presence of urea and development of specific patterns of hemolysis in an overlay gel containing antibody-sensitized erythrocytes and C8 beta-chain-deficient serum. Bands of hemolysis induced by(More)
Using isoelectric focusing in polyacrylamide gel and a hemolytic assay for development of patterns, extensive, structural polymorphism in human C8 has been delineated. Two alleles, C8A and C8B, have been identified in orientals, with gene frequencies of 0.655 and 0.345. In blacks, what appears to be a third common allele was found, so that frequencies were(More)
The loci for the complement proteins C2 and BF, and the two loci for C4 are closely linked to one another. In many hundreds of meioses no crossing over has been detected between these loci. In addition, the alleles of these four loci occur in specific combinations not predicted by their gene frequencies in much the same way as alleles of the Rh and MNS(More)
A rare genetic type (Bf F1) of properdin factor B is found in 22.6% of patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus but in only 1.9% of the general population, yielding a relative risk of 15.0. This indicates that a genetic locus for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is very close on chromosome 6 to Bf, and that Bf F1 is a marker for nearly 1 out of(More)
The relationship of the genes coding for HLA to those coding for properdin Factor B allotypes and for deficiency of the second component of complement (C2) was studied in families of patients with connective tissue disorders. Patients were selected because they were heterozygous or homozygous for C2 deficiency. 12 families with 15 matings informative for C2(More)
The prevalence of homozygous and heterozygous deficiency of the second component of complement (C2) was determined in patients with rheumatic disease including 137 with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 274 with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and 134 with rheumatoid arthritis. 1 C2 homozygous deficient and 19 possible heterozygous deficient individuals(More)
In this chapter, we have considered the theoretical and practical background of bone marrow transplantation. The immune response and its regulation by genes within the major histocompatibility complex, particularly of the I region of the mouse and of the HLA-D/DR region in man, is of central importance in both graft acceptance (rejection) and(More)