Donald R. Schwartz

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Wnt signaling plays a key role in development and adult tissues via effects on cell proliferation, motility, and differentiation. The cellular response to Wnt ligands largely depends on their ability to stabilize beta-catenin and the ability of beta-catenin to bind and activate T-cell factor (TCF) transcription factors. Roughly 40% of ovarian endometrioid(More)
One histologic subtype of ovarian carcinoma, ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma (OEA), frequently harbors mutations that constitutively activate Wnt/beta-catenin-dependent signaling. We now show that defects in the PI3K/Pten and Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathways often occur together in a subset of human OEAs, suggesting their cooperation during OEA(More)
Biologically and clinically meaningful tumor classification schemes have long been sought. Some malignant epithelial neoplasms, such as those in the thyroid and endometrium, exhibit more than one pattern of differentiation, each associated with distinctive clinical features and treatments. In other tissues, all carcinomas, regardless of morphological type,(More)
The mechanisms of drug resistance in cancer are poorly understood. Serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) profiling of cisplatin-resistant and sensitive cells revealed many differentially expressed genes. Remarkably, many ECM genes were elevated in cisplatin-resistant cells. COL6A3 was one of the most highly upregulated genes, and cultivation of(More)
BACKGROUND Isobutanol is a promising next-generation biofuel with demonstrated high yield microbial production, but the toxicity of this molecule reduces fermentation volumetric productivity and final titer. Organic solvent tolerance is a complex, multigenic phenotype that has been recalcitrant to rational engineering approaches. We apply experimental(More)
PURPOSE Claudin proteins represent a large family of integral membrane proteins crucial for tight junction (TJ) formation and function. Claudins have been shown to be up-regulated in various cancers and have been suggested as possible biomarkers and targets for cancer therapy. Because claudin-3 and claudin-4 have been proposed to be expressed in epithelial(More)
Molecular classification of tumors based on their gene expression profiles promises to significantly refine diagnosis and management of cancer patients. The establishment of organ-specific gene expression patterns represents a crucial first step in the clinical application of the molecular approach. Here, we report on the gene expression profiles of 154(More)
Recent studies suggest accurate prediction of tissue of origin for human cancers can be achieved by applying sophisticated statistical learning procedures to gene expression data obtained from DNA microarrays. We have pursued the hypothesis that a more straightforward and equally accurate strategy for classifying human tumors is to use a simple algorithm(More)
In various cancers, inactivating mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli or Axin tumor suppressor proteins or activating mutations in beta-catenin's amino-terminal domain elevate beta-catenin levels, resulting in marked effects on T-cell factor (TCF)-regulated transcription. Several candidate beta-catenin/TCF-regulated genes in cancer have been(More)
beta-catenin is the major effector of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. Mutations in components of the pathway that stabilize beta-catenin result in augmented gene transcription and play a major role in many human cancers. We employed microarrays to identify transcriptional targets of deregulated beta-catenin in a human epithelial cell line (293)(More)