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Biologically and clinically meaningful tumor classification schemes have long been sought. Some malignant epithelial neoplasms, such as those in the thyroid and endometrium, exhibit more than one pattern of differentiation, each associated with distinctive clinical features and treatments. In other tissues, all carcinomas, regardless of morphological type,(More)
The activity of ␤-catenin (␤-cat), a key component of the Wnt signaling pathway, is deregulated in about 40% of ovarian endometrioid adenocar-cinomas (OEAs), usually as a result of CTNNB1 gene mutations. The function of ␤-cat in neoplastic transformation is dependent on T-cell factor (TCF) transcription factors, but specific genes activated by the(More)
The mechanisms of drug resistance in cancer are poorly understood. Serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) profiling of cisplatin-resistant and sensitive cells revealed many differentially expressed genes. Remarkably, many ECM genes were elevated in cisplatin-resistant cells. COL6A3 was one of the most highly upregulated genes, and cultivation of(More)
Recent studies suggest accurate prediction of tissue of origin for human cancers can be achieved by applying sophisticated statistical learning procedures to gene expression data obtained from DNA microarrays. We have pursued the hypothesis that a more straightforward and equally accurate strategy for classifying human tumors is to use a simple algorithm(More)
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes targeting Staphylococcus aureus 16S rRNA is a novel method for direct identification of S. aureus from positive blood culture bottles. The test (S. aureus PNA FISH) is performed on smears made directly from positive blood culture bottles with gram-positive cocci in clusters(More)
In various cancers, inactivating mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli or Axin tumor suppressor proteins or activating mutations in beta-catenin's amino-terminal domain elevate beta-catenin levels, resulting in marked effects on T-cell factor (TCF)-regulated transcription. Several candidate beta-catenin/TCF-regulated genes in cancer have been(More)
One histologic subtype of ovarian carcinoma, ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma (OEA), frequently harbors mutations that constitutively activate Wnt/beta-catenin-dependent signaling. We now show that defects in the PI3K/Pten and Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathways often occur together in a subset of human OEAs, suggesting their cooperation during OEA(More)
PURPOSE Claudin proteins represent a large family of integral membrane proteins crucial for tight junction (TJ) formation and function. Claudins have been shown to be up-regulated in various cancers and have been suggested as possible biomarkers and targets for cancer therapy. Because claudin-3 and claudin-4 have been proposed to be expressed in epithelial(More)
Molecular classification of tumors based on their gene expression profiles promises to significantly refine diagnosis and management of cancer patients. The establishment of organ-specific gene expression patterns represents a crucial first step in the clinical application of the molecular approach. Here, we report on the gene expression profiles of 154(More)
A better understanding of the molecular circuitry in normal ovarian tissues and in ovarian cancer will likely provide new targets for diagnosis and therapy. Recently, much has been learned about the genes expressed in ovarian cancer through studies with cDNA arrays and serial analysis of gene expression. However, these methods do not allow highly(More)