Donald R. Roberts

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Knowledge of how mosquitoes respond to insecticides is of paramount importance in understanding how an insecticide functions to prevent disease transmission. A suite of laboratory assays was used to quantitatively characterize mosquito responses to toxic, contact irritant, and non-contact spatial repellent actions of standard insecticides. Highly replicated(More)
A micro enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for identifying malaria sporozoites in mosquitoes is described. Using an extract of dried infected mosquitoes as antigen, a two-site ELISA was sensitive enough to detect one infected mosquito in a pool of 20. The species specificity, sensitivity and ease of performance of this assay, as well as the stability(More)
A genetic and morphologic survey of Anopheles darlingi populations collected from seven countries in Central and South America was performed to clarify the taxonomic status of this major malaria vector species in the Americas. Population genetics was based on three techniques including isozyme, random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the risk of external urogenital birth defects (UGBDs) in newborn boys from a malarial area currently sprayed with technical 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT), as increased fetal oestrogenic or anti-androgenic exposure might be involved in the pathogenesis of increased prevalence of human male reproductive tract(More)
Surveys for larvae of Anopheles darlingi Root were conducted in April, May, and August 1994 in riverine habitats of central Belize (Cayo and Belize districts). An. darlingi was present during both the dry and wet seasons. Larvae were encountered most frequently in patches of floating debris along river margins. The floating mats were often formed by bamboo(More)
A modular and novel assay system for rapid mass screening of chemical compounds for contact irritant and spatial repellent actions against adult mosquitoes is described. The responses of Aedes aegypti to various concentrations of 3 topical repellents, deet, Bayrepel, and SS220, were evaluated. At treatment concentrations > or = 25 nmol/cm2 of SS220,(More)
A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for identifying Plasmodium vivax sporozoites in mosquitoes is described. Monoclonal antibodies produced against Thailand P. vivax sporozoites were used in an ELISA to detect and identify homologous sporozoites of Southeast Asian, Mexican and North Korean origin in extracts of frozen or dried infected(More)
An electrophoretic survey of 42 populations of Anopheles pseudopunctipennis collected throughout its known geographic distribution was performed to clarify the taxonomic status of this important malaria vector species. The results indicated strong differences in the allele frequencies of three enzyme loci (glycerol dehydrogenase, 6-phosphogluconate(More)
Malaria is reemerging in endemic-disease countries of South America. We examined the rate of real growth in annual parasite indexes (API) by adjusting APIs for all years to the annual blood examination rate of 1965 for each country. The standardized APIs calculated for Brazil, Peru, Guyana, and for 18 other malaria-endemic countries of the Americas(More)
Over the past 2 decades, the Amazon region of Brazil has experienced reemergence of Plasmodium vivax malaria, with reported occurrence of severe disease. The frequency and manifestations of this severe disease are unlike previous clinical experience. The hypothesis has been raised that the occurrence of severe disease may relate to the emergence of a(More)