Donald R. Nelson

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This article examines the use of seasonal climate forecasting in public and private efforts to mitigate the impacts of drought in Ceará, Northeast Brazil. Here, forecasts have been directed towards small scale, rainfed agriculturalists as well as state and local level policymakers in the areas of agriculture, water management, and emergency drought relief.(More)
Five Holstein cows were used in a 5 x 5 Latin square design and fed diets containing five different ratios of starch from ground shelled corn and steam-rolled barley. The DMI decreased and both the proportions of OM and starch digested in the rumen increased as barley starch increased in the diet. Corn and barley starches fed in a ratio of 75:25 maximized(More)
References and Notes 1. J. W. Schopf, Science 260, 640 (1993). 2. M. R. Walter, in Earth’s Earliest Biosphere, J. W. Schopf, Ed. (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, 1983), pp. 187–213. 3. S. J. Mojzsis et al., Nature 384, 55 (1996). 4. J. M. Hayes, I. R. Kaplan, K. W. Wedeking, in (2), pp. 93–134. 5. F. D. Mango, Nature 352, 146 (1991). 6. A. Dutkiewicz,(More)
Four early lactation multiparous Holstein cows were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square to investigate the effects of source of protein (fish meal or soybean meal) and carbohydrate (corn or barley) on ruminal fermentation, flow of nutrients to the small intestine, and animal performance. The treatments, arranged in a 2 x 2 (protein x carbohydrate) factorial were:(More)
A 4.9 m TL megamouth shark, only the sixth specimen known to science, was tracked continuously for 50.5 h, during which it exhibited distinct vertical migrations at the dawn and dusk transitions. The male shark was captured on 21 October 1990 in a drift gill net off Dana Point, California, restrained overnight in a harbor, and released at sea the next(More)
Four Holstein cows, fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas, were utilized in a 4 x 4 Latin square design to investigate the effects of supplementing nicotinic acid to diets that contained 35% alfalfa haylage, 15% corn silage, and either 50% of a low fat concentrate or 10% whole raw soybeans and 40% of a high fat concentrate containing tallow. Treatments(More)
Four Holstein cows fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square to investigate the effects of source (corn gluten meal or soybean meal) and amount (14.5 or 11.0%) of CP on ruminal fermentation, passage of nutrients to the small intestine, and animal performance. Cows wee fed for ad libitum intake a diet of 60% corn silage and(More)
Bovine mammary tissue was collected by surgical biopsy at intervals during involution for histological and ultrastructural observation. In lactating tissue (d 0 of involution, collected 8 h after the final milking), alveolar epithelial cells had marked ultrastructural evidence of lactation, including protein-containing secretory vesicles, lipid droplets,(More)
Four midlactation, multiparous Holstein cows fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square design to determine the effects of supplementing urea or starch or both to diets containing fish meal on passage of nutrients to the small intestine and performance of lactating cows. The treatments (in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement) were(More)
Movement patterns of scalloped hammerhead sharks in the vicinity of El Bajo Espiritu Santo, a seamount in the Gulf of California, were determined by tracking by ultrasonic telemetry 13 sharks and marking 100 sharks. The 13 tracked sharks swam back and forth along the seamount ridge throughout the day. They did not swim in different directions to reduce(More)