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Interpretation of research on the prevalence and sequelae of childhood trauma has been hindered by the use of assessment instruments with unknown psychometric properties. Thus, we examined the psychometric properties of a new childhood trauma measure, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). The CTQ has demonstrated strong psychometric properties in(More)
Much of the existing research on disordered eating has centered on the drive for thinness, which is most commonly observed in girls and women. The male standard of bodily attractiveness, however, is bigger, bulkier, and more muscular. Are boys and men motivated to be big and muscular in the same way that girls and women are motivated to be thin? The authors(More)
In an effort to confirm the factorial validity of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) across sex, the items from the CTQ for 916 university students were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis. Results indicated that the factor structure for the CTQ was significantly different for men and women. For women, the items from the Physical Abuse subscale(More)
Rodebaugh et al. [2004: Psychol Assess 2:169-181] recently performed a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) on the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation scale (BFNE; Leary, 1983: Psychol Bull 9:371-375]. Their study resulted in the emergence of a two-factor solution comprising straightforwardly worded items and reverse-worded items. They concluded by recommending(More)
This study reports results from the first International Body Project (IBP-I), which surveyed 7,434 individuals in 10 major world regions about body weight ideals and body dissatisfaction. Participants completed the female Contour Drawing Figure Rating Scale (CDFRS) and self-reported their exposure to Western and local media. Results indicated there were(More)
OBJECTIVE Past research has suggested that trait-based positive and negative affect mediate the relationships between self-report measures of stress and health. We extended these assumptions to the study of health-related behaviors, specifically the much studied stress-alcohol relationship. In addition, we sought to replicate previous findings showing that(More)
This Internet research project examined the relationship between consumption of muscle and fitness magazines and/or various indices of pornography and body satisfaction in gay and heterosexual men. Participants (N = 101) were asked to complete body satisfaction questionnaires that addressed maladaptive eating attitudes, the drive for muscularity, and social(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary purpose of this study was to examine the role of fear of falling, fear of pain, and associated activity avoidance in the prediction of pain and falls. METHOD A 6-month longitudinal study of older community-dwelling adults. RESULTS The authors found that fear of falling is a better predictor of falls than is activity avoidance.(More)
PURPOSE To examine the use of nutritional supplements by adolescents. Supplements examined were those purported to influence performance and body mass. METHODS 333 adolescents (190 male, 139 female, 4 nonrespondents) between the ages of 13 and 19 years, from a midwestern province in Canada, completed a pencil-and-paper survey. Participants, who were(More)
Despite widespread use of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale [CES-D], there are no investigations that examine its factor structure in a military sample. Separate confirmatory factor analyses were performed on responses to the CES-D obtained from 102 female and 102 male Canadian military peacekeepers in order to compare the fit of a(More)