Donald R. Kaplan

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Neurotrophic factors are essential for neuronal survival and function. Recent data have demonstrated that the product of the tyrosine kinase trk proto-oncogene binds NGF and is a component of the high affinity NGF receptor. Analysis of the trkB gene product, gp145trkB, in NIH 3T3 cells indicates that this tyrosine kinase receptor is rapidly phosphorylated(More)
In response to NGF, the Trk receptor tyrosine kinase forms a complex with SHC, a protein that couples receptor tyrosine kinases to p21ras. Complex formation between Trk and SHC, SHC tyrosine phosphorylation, and association of SHC with Grb2 were mediated by autophosphorylation at Y490 in Trk [sequence: see text]. To determine the role of SHC and other Trk(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) interacts with two different low-affinity receptors that can be distinguished by affinity crosslinking. Reconstitution experiments by membrane fusion and transient transfection into heterologous cells indicate that high-affinity NGF binding requires coexpression and binding to both the low-affinity NGF receptor and the tyrosine(More)
The regulation of the serine-threonine kinase Akt by lipid products of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) was investigated. Akt activity was found to correlate with the amount of phosphatidylinositol-3,4-bisphosphate (PtdIns-3,4-P2) in vivo, and synthetic PtdIns-3,4-P2 activated Akt both in vitro and in vivo. Binding of PtdIns-3,4-P2 occurred within(More)
In vertebrates, the formation and maintenance of neuronal connections are subject to regulation by multiple target-derived, diffusible (neurotrophic) factors. Here we describe the identification and characterization of a novel neurotrophic factor designated neurotrophin-5 (NT-5). NT-5 is structurally related to nerve growth factor and is expressed in(More)
The trk proto-oncogene encodes a 140-kilodalton, membrane-spanning protein tyrosine kinase (p140prototrk) that is expressed only in neural tissues. Nerve growth factor (NGF) stimulates phosphorylation of p140prototrk in neural cell lines and in embryonic dorsal root ganglia. Affinity cross-linking and equilibrium binding experiments with 125I-labeled NGF(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a neurotrophic factor responsible for the differentiation and survival of sympathetic and sensory neurons as well as selective populations of cholinergic neurons. NGF binds to specific cell-surface receptors but the mechanism for transduction of the neurotrophic signal is unknown. Several experiments using the NGF-responsive(More)
The initial event in the neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells is the binding of the neurotrophin nerve growth factor (NGF) to the Trk receptor. This interaction stimulates the intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity of Trk, initiating a signalling cascade involving the phosphorylation of intracellular proteins on tyrosine, serine, and threonine residues. These(More)
We have used serum-deprived cultures of wild type and genetically modified PC12 cells to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which monosialoganglioside (GM1) rescues neuronal cells from apoptotic death elicited by withdrawal of trophic support. Our findings indicate that GM1-promoted survival can be mediated in part by the Trk NGF receptor as well as by(More)
The response of brain tissue to neurotrophins during rat development was examined using a novel in vitro assay for Trk/neurotrophin receptor activity. In this assay, brain tissues were exposed to neutrophins and ligand-induced Trk tyrosine phosphorylation was measured. During the perinatal period, Trk tyrosine phsphorylation in all brain area was induced(More)