Donald P McDonnell

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There is a concern that chemicals in our environment are affecting human health by disrupting normal endocrine function. Much of the concern has focused on chemicals that can interact directly with steroid hormone receptors. We have used a yeast-based assay to assess chemical interactions with the estrogen, androgen, and progesterone receptors. The yeast(More)
The human estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and the recently identified ERbeta share a high degree of amino acid homology; however, there are significant differences in regions of these receptors that would be expected to influence transcriptional activity. Consequently, we compared the mechanism(s) by which these receptors regulate target gene(More)
Two distinct isoforms of the human progesterone receptor (hPR-A and hPR-B) have been identified previously. They differ only in that hPR-B contains an additional 164 amino acids at the amino terminus. Among various species these two forms arise as a result of either alternate initiation of translation from the same mRNA or by transcription from alternate(More)
We investigated the interaction of bisphenol A (BPA, an estrogenic environmental contaminant used in the manufacture of plastics) with the estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) transfected into the human HepG2 hepatoma cell line and expanded the study in vivo to examine the effect of BPA on the immature rat uterus. Bisphenol A was 26-fold less potent in(More)
We previously demonstrated differential interactions of the methoxychlor metabolite 2,2-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-1,1, 1-trichloroethane (HPTE) with estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha), ERbeta, and the androgen receptor (AR). In this study, we characterize the ERalpha, ERbeta, and AR activity of structurally related methoxychlor metabolites. Human hepatoma cells(More)
A wide range of chemicals with diverse structures derived from plant and environmental origins are reported to have hormonal activity. The potential for appreciable exposure of humans to such substances prompts the need to develop sensitive screening methods to quantitate and evaluate the risk to the public. Yeast cells transformed with plasmids encoding(More)
Molecular Endocrinology Group, Laboratory of Signal Transduction, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina (N.Z.L., J.A.C.); Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (S.E.W., D.P.M.);(More)
The human progesterone receptor (PR) exists as two functionally distinct isoforms, hPRA and hPRB. hPRB functions as a transcriptional activator in most cell and promoter contexts, while hPRA is transcriptionally inactive and functions as a strong ligand-dependent transdominant repressor of steroid hormone receptor transcriptional activity. Although the(More)
We have used a series of human estrogen receptor (ER) mutants to evaluate the cell- and promoter-specific transcriptional activities of the TAF1 and TAF2 transactivation regions within the human ER. We show that the manifestation of TAF1 or TAF2 function depends strongly upon promoter context; on certain promoters, both the TAF1 and TAF2 activators are(More)
In humans, the biological response to progesterone is mediated by two distinct forms of the progesterone receptor (human (h) PR-A, 94 kDa and hPR-B, 114 kDa). These two isoforms are transcribed from distinct estrogen-inducible promoters within a single copy PR gene; the only difference between them is that the first 164 amino acids of hPR-B (B-upstream(More)