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Vacuoles were isolated from protoplasts of Nicotiana glutinosa by the method of Mettler and Leonard (Plant Physiol 1979 64: 1114-1120) with minor modifications so that the number of intact protoplasts contaminating the vacuole preparation was reduced to less than 1% (by number). Isopycnic centrifugation of a [(3)H]choline-labeled, sonicated vacuole(More)
A membrane fraction enriched with a magnesium-dependent, monovalent cation-stimulated ATPase was isolated from red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) storage roots by a combination of differential centrifugation, extraction with KI, and sucrose density gradient centrifugation. This fraction was distinct from endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi, mitochondrial, and possibly(More)
The past decade has witnessed a tremendous resurgence in the interest and use of medicinal plant products, especially in North America. Surveys of plant medicinal usage by the American public have shown an increase from just about 3% of the population in 1991 to over 37% in 1998 (Brevoort, 1998). The North American market for sales of plant medicinals has(More)
Calcium uptake was examined in sealed plasma membrane vesicles isolated from red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) storage tissue using (45)Ca(2+). Uptake of (45)Ca(2+) by the vesicles was ATP-dependent and radiotracer accumulated by the vesicles could be released by the addition of the calcium ionophore A23187. The uptake was stimulated by gramicidin D but slightly(More)
Calcium transport was examined in microsomal membrane vesicles from red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) storage tissue using chlorotetracycline as a fluorescent probe. This probe demonstrates an increase in fluorescence corresponding to calcium accumulation within the vesicles which can be collapsed by the addition of the calcium ionophore A23187. Calcium uptake in(More)
When a plasma membrane-enriched fraction isolated from red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) was incubated in the presence of 40 micromolar [gamma-(32)P] ATP, 40 micromolar MgSO(4) at pH 6.5, a rapidly turning over phosphorylated protein was formed. Phosphorylation of the protein was substrate-specific for ATP, sensitive to diethylstilbestrol and vanadate, but(More)
The H+/substrate stoichiometries of the tonoplast H(+)-ATPase and H(+)-PPase were determined by a kinetic approach. Using red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) tonoplast vesicles, rates of substrate-dependent H+ transport were estimated by (I) a mathematical model describing the time course of delta pH formation, (II) the rate of H+ leakage following H+ pump(More)
The phosphorylated protein associated with a deoxycholate-extracted plasma membrane fraction from corn (Zea mays L. var WF9 x Mol7) roots was characterized in order to correlate its properties with those of plasma membrane ATPase. Its phosphorylation, like that of plasma membrane ATPase, was dependent on Mg(2+), substrate specific for ATP, insensitive to(More)
The H(+)/ATP stoichiometry was determined for the plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase from red beet (Beta vulgaris L., var Detroit Dark Red) storage tissue associated with native vesicles. The determination of H(+)/ATP stoichiometry utilized a kinetic approach where rates of H(+) influx, estimated by three different methods, were compared to rates of ATP hydrolysis(More)
Ca(2+) uptake into microsomal vesicles was measured using the fluorescent probe chlorotetracycline. The Ca(2+) uptake was ATP-dependent and did not occur in the presence of the calcium ionophore A23187. There was a linear relationship between the rate of ATP-dependent fluorescence increase using chlorotetracycline and ATP-dependent (45)Ca(2+) uptake,(More)