Donald Michie

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Algorithms which construct classifiers from sample data -such as neural networks, radial basis functions, and decision trees -have attracted growing attention for their wide applicability. Researchers in the fields of Statistics, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Mining, and Pattern Recognition are continually introducing (or rediscovering)(More)
This paper describes experiments in applying inductive learning to the task of acquiring a complex motor skill by observing human subjects. A flight simulation program has been modified to log the actions of a human subject as he or she flies an aircraft. The log file is used to create the input to an induction program. The output from the induction program(More)
In this paper we describe the results of a set of experiments in which we compared the learning performance of human and machine learning agents. The problem involved the learning of a concept description for deciding on the legality of positions within the chess endgame King and Rook against King. Various amounts of background knowledge were made available(More)
BOXES is the name of a computer program. We shall also use the word boxes to refer to a particular approach to decision-taking under uncertainty which has been used as the basis of a number of computer programs. Fig. 1 shows a photograph of an assemblage of actual boxes—matchboxes to be exact. Although the construction of this Matchbox Educable Noughts and(More)
This paper investigates the relationship of features of in-vitro fertilization (IVF) embryos and the associated oocyte and follicle to the outcome of transfer. It differs from previous studies in including a range of features (n = 53) and in using class probability tree analysis. This is a non-parametric multivariate method which expresses relationships as(More)
Real-time control skills are ordinarily tacit | their possessors cannot explicitly communicate them. But given su cient sampling of a trained expert's input{output behaviour, machine learning programs have been found capable of constructing rules which, when run as programs, deliver behaviours similar to those of the original exemplars. These `clones' are(More)