Donald McLachlan

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The case of a 36-year-old man who suffers dense retrograde and anterograde amnesia as a result of closed-head injury that caused extensive damage to his left frontal-parietal and right parieto-occipital lobes is described. Patient K.C. has normal intelligence and relatively well-preserved perceptual, linguistic, short-term memory, and reasoning abilities.(More)
We investigated a possible relation between aluminum concentration ([Al]) in public drinking water and Alzheimer's disease (AD), with AD cases and controls defined on the basis of strict neuropathologic criteria. Using the case/control odds ratio as an estimate of relative risk and [Al] > or = 100 microgram/L as the cutoff point, elevated risks for(More)
Four pathologically documented cases of progressive supranuclear palsy are reported. Two patients exhibited severe dementia and 2 parkinsonism; none had the classic ophthalmoplegia. On retrospective analysis, clues to the diagnosis included early prominent gait disturbance, apraxia of eyelid opening in 1 patient, lack of tremor, poor response to(More)
Aluminum is present in many manufactured foods and medicines and is added to drinking water for purification purposes. It has been proposed that aluminum is a contributing factors to several neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease. However, this remains controversial primarily due to the unusual properties of aluminum and a lack of(More)
BC200 RNA is a polyadenylated 200 nucleotide primate brain-specific transcript with 80% homology to the left monomer of the human Alu family of repetitive elements. Whether this transcription product contributes anything to normal brain gene function or is a residue of post transcriptional processing of brain heterogeneous nuclear RNA (hnRNA) is uncertain.(More)
Standard immunoblotting procedures were unable to detect metallothioneins-1 and 2 (MT-1, MT-2) and metallothionein-3 (MT-3)/growth inhibitory factor (GIF) in unfractionated brain homogenates. We have developed a novel process which involves the inclusion of 2 mM CaCl2 in electrophoretic transfer buffers and glutaraldehyde fixation following transfer to(More)
We present two patients with Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS), one from a previously undescribed kindred and one from the Canadian branch of a previously reported British kindred. In both patients, GSS is caused by a substitution of thymine for cytosine at codon 102 of the prion protein gene (PRNP). In each patient, we confirmed the clinical(More)
The serine protease inhibitor alpha 1-antichymotrypsin (ACT) consistently colocalizes with amyloid deposits of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and may contribute to the generation of amyloid proteins and/or physically affect fibril assembly. AD amyloid fibrils are composed primarily of A beta, which is a proteolytic fragment of the larger beta-amyloid precursor(More)
The activities of red blood cell enzymes that scavenge the superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide were measured in severely to profoundly retarded adult Down syndrome (DS) patients with and without manifestations of Alzheimer disease (AD), and control individuals matched for sex, age, and time of blood sampling. Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD-1) and(More)
There is now substantial evidence indicating that an accumulation of aluminum occurs in grey matter in diseases associated with Alzheimer neurofibrillary degeneration. Four principle sites of aluminum accumulation have been identified in Alzheimer's disease: DNA containing structures of the nucleus, the protein moieties of neurofibrillary tangles, the(More)