Donald Massaro

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A full-length cDNA for rat lung beta-galactoside lectin (subunit Mr approximately 14,000, lectin 14K) was cloned and the nucleotide sequence determined. The deduced amino acid sequence agrees with the amino acid composition and direct amino acid sequence analysis of purified rat lung lectin peptides. We found that the amino-terminal alanine is blocked with(More)
Pulmonary emphysema is a common disease in which destruction of the lung's gas-exchange structures (alveoli) leads to inadequate oxygenation, disability and frequently death; lung transplantation provides its only remediation. Because treatment of normal rats with all-trans-retinoic acid increases the number of alveoli, we tested whether a similar effect(More)
Dexamethasone, a glucocorticosteroid hormone, inhibits the formation of alveoli; retinoids and glucocorticosteroid hormones can be mutually antagonistic. These observations led us to test the hypothesis that the administration of retinoic acid to postnatal rats would prevent the low alveolar number and the low body mass-specific gas-exchange surface area(More)
Pulmonary alveoli are formed, in part, by subdivision (septation) of the gas-exchange saccules of the immature lung. Septation is developmentally regulated, and failure to septate at the appropriate time is not followed by delayed spontaneous septation. We report retinoic acid receptor (RAR) beta knockout mice exhibit premature septation; in addition, they(More)
Endotoxin treatment of adult rats before hyperoxic exposure significantly increases their survival rate in >95% O(2) (J. Clin. Invest.61: 269, 1978). In this study, we wished to determine: (a) whether endotoxin would protect against O(2) toxicity if it were administered after the animals were already in >95% O(2) for 12-48 h; and (b) the relationship(More)
Airway inflammation is a central feature of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to inflammation by damaging DNA, which, in turn, results in the activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) and depletion of its substrate, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. Here we show that prevention of PARP-1(More)
Pulmonary alveoli are formed in part by subdivision (septation) of the gas-exchange saccules of the immature lung. Septation results in smaller, more numerous structures (alveoli) and is developmentally regulated in mammals including humans, rats, and mice; if it fails to occur at the appropriate time, there is no spontaneous post hoc septation nor has(More)
Retinoids play a key role in the formation of pulmonary alveoli. Lipid interstitial cells (LICs) of the alveolar wall store retinol and are concentrated at sites of alveolus formation, suggesting they are an endogenous source of retinoids for alveolus formation. We show in cultured rat lung cells that LICs synthesize and secrete all-trans retinoic acid(More)
Calorie restriction, followed by ad libitum refeeding, results, respectively, in loss and regeneration of pulmonary alveoli. We now show 35% of alveoli are lost within 72 h of onset of calorie restriction ((2/3) decreased daily chow intake), and an additional 12% of alveoli are lost over a subsequent 12 days of calorie restriction. Tissue necrosis was not(More)